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Vitt Bartlett Appears Exclusively in the Texas Observer THE PEOPLE WIN Let those flatter who fear, it is not an American art. Legislators Work From Sun to Sun . . . . JEFFERSON But the Housecleaner’s Work Is Never Done Zony 5irrte Mr. Yarborough goes to Washington, and with him go the good wishes and good spirits of Texas Democrats. We share in the jubilation of the liberal community , over his long-awaited victory. It has been a long, long time. Many times he went to the bar of political conflict, and many times he was battered down. Few men have had so much right to be discouraged, and have not been discouraged ; few men have been called upon to sacrifice so much for their beliefs, and have so sacrificed. In the end his tenacity and courage won for him and for the ideals he stands for. No matter what other honors come to him this is his finest hour. It is a good hour, too, for Texas. Let the good ideas exiled to the wilderness by big money and the rightist press return to the community of enlightened discussion. Let the opportunists and sycophants find another field to play -. Let the good men and women who have fought the good fight without honor or reward have now the thanks of the people. We believe Senator Yarborough will take his position with the Fulbright Sparkman Gore group of Southern liberals, national Democrats who represent and serve the people. We all must wait and see how he votes, of course, but we are ,expecting him to be a splendid senator. His .slams at foreign aid seem now to resolve into a hostility . toward an exorbitant grant to oligarchic Saudi Arabia; his expectation that he will vote with the Democrats more than 90 percent of the time should indicate he will support the foreign aid program in its fundamental aspects and magnitude. As for other ; matters, let us wait and see and be glad of the confi ohe We are now edified by a declaration from the august Texas House of Representatives in favor of local option on the American Constitution. The Sadler bill prohibiting integration unless local school district voters adopt it proceeds on the theory that if a township doesn’t like the constitutional rule against cruel and unusual punishments, it can have an election and reinstate the stocks and the lash ; if it doesn’t like the constitutional guarantee of free speech, it can adopt an ordinance by public vote prohibiting criticism of the local Birdbrain Lovers’ Society ; if it doesn’t like the constitutional rule that segreo -ation . deprives Negro students of equal opportunity, it can maintain segregation by local vote. This is so absurd that the only plausible explanation for its passage by almost 100 mentally coherent men and women is that they thought it was a pretty good joke. Incorporating The State Observer, eornbined with The East Texas Democrat APRIL 9, 1957 “Lowrie Dugger, Editor and General Manager Bob Bray. Associate Editor Sarah Payne, Office Manager Published once a week from Austin, Texas. Delivered postage prepaid $4 per annum. Advertising rates available on request. Extra copies 10c each. Quantity orders available.. Uttered as second-class matter April 2P. 10′,7, at the Poet Office et Austin. Texas. enner toe met t Marsh S. 1379. dence we can feel in him at this point. 4′ We would like to congratulate Thad Hutcheson for a hard, stinging, clean campaign that served his party well. jack Porter still rants on that the Republicans should continue to infiltrate the Democratic Partya shabby, crumbs-grabbing doctrine at best. If the Republicans mean business in Texas they will turn their leadership over to HUtcheson and throw Jack Porter out. As we saw in this election, when Republicans vote for their own candidate, the Democrats are about evenly divided. The Republicans , can be a very strong minority party right now, and after the conservative Democrats take, a few more lickings, the Republicans with their perennial financial advantage and some hard workcan attract to their side great packs of the . erstwhile “Eisenhower Democrats” and pull even with the Democrats in political power. We would a 1 s o congratulate James P. Hart for conducting the intelligent and gentlemanly race that was expected of him. His moral leadership on the segregation issue alone justified his candidacy and confirmed the unqualified respect in which his friends hold him. His failure to communicate with the people means, we believe, that some people belong in politics, while others are natural leaders in the informal high. counsels of conscience from which emanate the society’s best ideals.. Searcy Bracewell did himself no harm ; he ran respectably and is better known for it. Congressman Dies is correct that the congressman-atlarge position is obsolete and should be abolished and assigned to Houston. We are glad he had the perspicacity to see this and to insist upon his constructive suggestion. As for John White . We see where AP reporter Frank Manitzas has evoked from John Osorio, chairman of the Insurance Commission, the assurance that it’s safe to buy Texas insurance “from a reputable company of long standing. ” and US Trust & Guaranty, says Osorio, “were not in my mind insurance companies.” Osorio didn’t say whether the other 70 insurance-selling Texas companies that have collapsed were, in his mind, book stores or hot dog stands, so each reader will just have to live with hiS own best guess on that question. Meanwhile, we will go on trying to meet the payments on our policy with Prudential of New York, leaving it to other Texans more astute than we to judge which of the Texas companies are reputable and have been standing long. 6 TELEPHONE in Austin : GRee wood 7-0746. HOUSTON OFFICE: 2501 Crawford St., Houston, Mrs. R. D. Randolph, treasurer. We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right as we see it. We are dedicated to the whole truth, be human values above sli interests, to the rights of man as the foundation of democracy ; we will take orders from none but our own conscience, and never will we overlook or misrepresent the truth to serve the interests of the powerful or cater to the ignoble in the human spirit MAILING ADDRESS: 604 West 24th St., Au tin, Texas. AUSTIN For the first time in more elections than most of us like to remember, the People have brought in a winner at the ballot box. It was a long, hard, penny-pinching, uphill fight but as will eventually happen in a Democracy, the People at last won. When the fight started not even the closest friends of Ralph Yarborough realized the amazing bulldog determination of the ,man. Many became discouraged, deserted and returned, advised him to quit, and in the end, marveled . at his courage. Seldom has the nation seen such a campaigner. Yarborough eventually won for one reason, and one alone. He had a positively unshakable faith that the People would rise up and throw out the personal political machine which had so thoroughly corrupted the state. Because of his tremendous tenacity and his iron-grained conviction that the People must govern, we believe he will not only make Texas a great senator but will also lead in revitalizing the real Democrats of TeX’as. A great deal has been said and written about how Yarborough was the .candidate of the liberals and loyalists and left-wingers and unions and Negroes and others. Through it all, the only thing we heard him say was that he was a Democrat, and if this was true it was also inherent that he was bound to be a candidate of all these groups. Now that he has been elected, he should as a Democrat as well as a senator represent every man, woman and child without regard to race, color, creed, or social status. We are confident that Yarborough, the Democrat, will not forget that the People must always come first ; that dollars are incidental to people in the scheme of life, not people incidental to dollars. He will remember, we feel sure, that the supreme test of a proposition is not whether it will enrich the few, but whether it will benefit the many. In judging the success of the nation, he must consider first and most the plight of the poorest family. His going into office, we believe, should be the signal for Democrats of Texas to drop their prefixes. Yarborough’s winning should not be regarded as a liberal or loyalist factional victory. It should be viewed as a triumph for all those Texas Democrats who would rebuild their party as the best political bulwark for protecting and furthering human rights. With the election of Senator Yarborough and the development of the Democrats of Texas, we feel there is an awakening in the hearts and minds of many Texans which will foment a return to the basic Democratic Party purposes, aims, and responsibilities of political and social equality. In short, we believe, the People of this state are ready to kick out the personal politiCians who now operate their offiees for self-interest and to elect men of honor and integrity who will adhere to the vital cause of humanist Democracy. Then, and only then, can the voice of the Mexican farmhand, the East Texas Negro, the underpaid laborer, and the many, many other havenots also be heard in .their land. BOB BRAY The Listening Post We have a report from Dallas that in some quarters Yarborough’s election was regarded as a greater disaster than the tornado the b same day. …. Throughout his campaign John White sent press releases up to the Capitol press room blessed with his beaming portrait on Department of Agriculture stationery. After the Senate election there appeared on the preSs room bulletin board this same beaming-portrait-on-stationery with a single word in the middle of the sheet : ‘Egad.” …. Lyman Jones of Ralph Yarborough’s staff says he’s going to. take up the suggestion of a Dallas reporter and go out and buy, for presentation to Price Daniel, the latest record by Patience and Prudence, the singing stars who wired Yarborough their congratulations. The record starts : “Um hmm, urn hmm, I’m gonna get along without you now”or something like that. …. Commenting on the proposed Code of Ethics, Senator George Parkhouse of Dallas was overheard to ask, “When a man won’t live by the goddam ten commandments, how is the legislature gonna legislate morals for him?” Trxas Obstvrtier