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More interposition Bills Are Filed He said that children are still being housed with adult mental patients, “which is an unforgivable medical practice.” He said a good mental health program for Texas “means an increase in the budget” and said the state now is spending $2,53 per patient day for housing, clothing, food, dental care, and medical attention, while the federal government is spending from $9 to $15 a day for psychiatric patients in veterans’ hospitals. WATER BONDS HIT SNAG ELECTION LAWS DEBATED were sick what kind of treatment is that?” The constitutional amendments committee of the House eliminated a “first monies clause” in the $200 million bond issue revolving fund plan to aid state water conservation and deVelopment projects. Despite protests of Rep. Leroy Saul, Kress, the committee passed the amendment of Rep. Ben Ferrell, Tyler, 10-6. This knocked out phrasing which would allow the state to pay for its bonds with automatic appropriations from the first monies coming into the treasury. Saul said purpose of the clause was to give the bonds a triple-A rating and that its removal would reduce them to a double-A rating and raise interest rates to the point that cities and the state wo.ild have to pay an additional $60 million on a $200 million issue. He said he believed he could .get the clause re-instated on the House floor. The House passed three bills altering or clarifying the election laws. The first, by Rep. Criss Cole, Houston, would permit persons physically unable to read or write to select someone in their precinct to help them vote. The second, by Rep. Menton J. Murray, Harlingen provides that to qualify as a voter in a bond election the voter’s property must have been rendereal for taxation or placed on the tax rolls by a specified date prior to the election. The third bill, by Rep. Amos Martin, Paris, would permit election judges to begin counting absentee ballots immediately after the polls opened. Democratic National committeeman from Texas Byron Skelton, Temple, urged a House privileges, suffrage and elections committee to approve Rep. Tony Korioth’s \(Continued from Page TUITION HIKE DUE UP A House fight peaks this week on the Daniel plan to , double Texas college tuition rates from $25 to $50 a term. In Thursday debate Rep. Murray Watson, Jr., Mart, its author, asked delay to Wednesday. Earlier debate was possible. It is argued the Texas tuition is one of the lowest in the country. Rep. Zeke Zbranek, Daisetta, termed the bill “a poll tax on students” and pointed out that although it was stated by supporters of the proposal that the additional fees should go for higher pay for instructors, “there is nothing in the bill which designates the ,additional tuition for that purpose.” The bill is supported by the University of Texas, admi nistration. It was favored 16-10 in that school’S student assembly: after stormy debate; the proviso was added that the funds be earmarked for college teacher pay raises. PAROLE SYSTEM ADVANCES The Senate Jurisprudence committee passed 9-2 a bill pi;oviding for establishinent of a state paid parole system, which would oper YD’s Slam Tuition Hike AUSTIN The Young Democratic Clubs of Texas have condemned the proposed college tuition doubling on grounds it will “deny educational opportunities to many deserving young Texans.” The state executive committee, meeting in Austin, said further it favors the Gonzalez bill requiring all voters to register by party affiliation and higher teachers’ pay and deplores recent farm price support cuts, “plunging the farmers of Texas deeper into the economic depression in which they find themselves.” Roger Daily, national committeeman of the group, has written Governor Price Daniel concerning his attack on “Democrats of Texas.” Any group who supports the state and national party in the last general election “should have the right to use the word ‘Democrat’ in any form or manner they desire,” Daily, said. the written document, the history of the times in which it was adopted, the construction placed upon it by contemporary courts and the meaning ascribed to it by the people for generations constitutes usurpation of power which, if condoned by the people and allowed to continue, will destroy the American system of government.:..” Rep. Harold B. Parish, Taft, has offered a new teacher pay increase proposal which he says would raise salaries $606, compared to $399 planned in earlier bills, and would cut out $10 million state expenditures on the counselor supervisor program. The Parish bill calls for higher immediate raises but smaller longevity allowances than urged by the Texas State Teachers’ Association. Rep. Roy Harrington, Port Arthur, introduced a resolution urging “the Federal Communications Commission to retain the television channels allocated to educational institutions and to take action against encroachment by commercial applications by private interests….” Harrington said the FCC had ago by Insurance Commission Chairman John Osorio. Both resolutions were presented after Gov. Daniel recommended a complete reorganization in which the current three-man commission would be replaced by a state insurance board with one man named as executive director. Daniel called on Atty. General Will Wilson to prepare a bill which would provide for such reorganization. MENTAL CARE SCORED Famed psychiatrist Dr. William C. Menninger, Topeka, Kan., told a joint session of the House and Senate that Texas’s state-supported mental hospitals are 80 percent overcrowded but advised them to “buy brains …. not bricks. Give the first priority to buying brains, the professional staff to provide treatment, the second priority to buying bricks.” He pointed out that “30 minutes a month of the doctor’s time goes for an average patient. If you troduced two bills which would allow indictment and prosecution of persons charged with misappropriating public funds in the county of the crime, in the adjoining county, or in Austin, and another which would require county or district attorneys to institute lawsuits to recover money unlawfully expended by county or school officials. Rep. Eligio de la Garza, Mission, offered a bill to protect newsmen from forced disclosure of their sources of information. The proposal would prohibit grand juries or courts from compelling a news reporter to divulge where he obtained information on published stories. Sen. Floyd Bradshaw, Weatherford, proposes to change the name of the Texas State College for Women at Denton to Texas University for Women. Bradshaw has announced he had decided against sponsoring a bill which would require counties of more than 17,000 residents to have a lawyer for a county judge. In a le/ter to legislators, he explained: “I have found that 94 county judges in the state are licensed attorneys. The remaining 160 are laymen….” party registration bill. He said the law would benefit the two-party system in Texas. “I’ll be glad whena we have a strong Republican Party in Texas like we have a . strong Democratic party,” he said. “Good honest party politics are needed …” The bill provides that eligible voters declare 30 days prior to a party election whether they belong to that party, another party, or are independents. It: would have no effect on who could vote in general elections but would limit primaries to party members. Committee vice chairman Rep. B. H. Dewey, Jr., Bryan, subcommitteed the bill for a report in one week. EGG, FEED CONTROLS OK’D The House also sent to the Senate by 122-15, and 142-4 votes a new egg grading law and a bill modernizing the commercial feed act. The egg law calls for licensing of dealers and sets up standards on labeled eggs. The feed law requires labeling and grading of commercial feeds. OIL IMPORTS CUT ASKED A resolution by Sens. Dorsey Hardeman, San Angelo, and William Fly, Victoria, urging President Eisenhower to see that foreign oil imports were cut was unanimously passed by the Senate. It said, in part, “The oil lift to Europe can succeed if members of the Middle East emergency committee, made up of international companies given federal anti-trust immunity, were required to divert their ‘excessive imports to Europe …” Allergies? AUSTIN The Texas Council of Methodist Women were conferring at Central Christian Church in Austin on legislative matters last week when Harold Kilpatrick, executive secretary , of the Texas Council of Churches, began distributing some copies of The Texas ObserVer. “I’m glad to have the Observer distributed in my church,” said Dr. John Barclay, pastor, to the gathering. “It’s one paper that’s not allergic to the Twentieth Century.” NEWMAN’S’ APPOINTMENT CHALLENGED AUSTIN The top state spokesman of the 300,000 members of the Texas State Federation of Labor, Jerry Holleman, has written members of the Texas Senate protesting Governor Allan Shivers’s appointment of Phillips Petroleum executive R. F. Newman of Borger as the labor representative on the Texas Employment Commission. Newman replies he will be “fair and unbiased.” The law states one member of the commission must be a “representative of labor.” One represents management and one the public. Two-thirds of the Senate must confirm Newman’s appointment before he can take over the place formerly filled by Dean Maxwell. He has not yet occupied his office at the T.E.C. Holleman wrote that Newman has been personnel manager of the Alamo Plant of Phillips Petroleum at Borger and “has represented Phillips Petroleum at each negotiation since the employees were organized.” He is not a union member and has not represented labor during the 17 years, Holleman said. “We do not see how, by the widest stretch of the imagination, it could be said that Mr. Newman, who has served as a representative of, an employer for 17 years, could suddenly be designated as a representative of labor!” Holleman wrote. Newman said in Borger that there is no precedent that a labor man be named the representative of labor. “Although I have worked in a supervisory capacity for about 17 years, I feel I am qualified for the post as I have worked directly with employes and know and understand their problems,” he .said. He could handle workers’ claims “in a fair and -unbiased manner,” he said. Also in Borger, the business agents of locals of operating engineers a n d oilworkers urged Newman’s confirmation, while the presidents of the same unions opposed him. THE VOTING RECORD =11111101.:, The House refused, 89-50, to table an amendment for a $4800 a year pay raise instead of the $7500 provided in the Latimer constitutional amendment. The 50 who voted to table that is, against the $4800 amount were: Ballman, Bass; Blaine, Blanchard, Bowers, Bryan, Byrd, James Cox, Dungan, Ehrle, Glass, Harrington, Heatly, Hensley, Hollowell, Hooks, Luebner, Huffman, Jackson, Jones, Kennard, Koliba, Korioth, Kothman, Latimer, Lee, Frank McGregor, Mann, Martin, Jim Moore, Myatt, Oliver, Pool, Pressler, Richardson, Roberts, Sadler, Sandahl, Shackelford, Sherrill, Smith, Springer, Sud, derth, Sutton, Tunnell, Walling, Wheeler, J. Edgar Wilson, Yezak, Zbranek. Members shown as not voting on the Observer’s copy of the ofElliott, Joseph, Mays, Carlton Moore, ‘Ramsey, Walter Schwartz, Watson. The balance of the members are shown voting “aye.” THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 8 Feb. 19, 1957 reserved seven very-high-frequency and eleven ultra-highfrequency TV channels for present and future use by Texas institutions of higher learning and schools. He said that the “educational very-high-frequency channels are a natural resource belonging, like the tidelands, to the people of Texas, and they must be protected from encroachment by private interests.” Reps. Rufus Kilpatrick, Beaumont, and Joe Pool, Dallas, filed a minimum standards act for county jails; Rep. L. DeWitt Hale, Corpus Christi, filed resolutions which would permit a county office-holder to seek another elective office without resigning only during the final year of his term, and providing for vacancies in the office of county judge or peace justice to be filled by county corn .missioners court appointment until the next general election. Rep. Will Smith, Beaumont, introduced a resolution to prohibit House Speaker candidates from circulating pledges among members until after the sixtieth day of the session. He is a candidate for the House speakership in 1959. Sen. Andy Rogers, Childress, in Reps. Jerry Sadler and Ben Atwell introduced “interposition” resolutions to amend the U.S. Constitution. Sadler, of Percilla, filed a resolution pointing to three specific U. S. Supreme Court decisions which he considers over-extend federal authority over state rights. These include ruling outlawing racial segregation in public schools, nullifying a city of New York charter provision under which a teacher was fired as “unfit” for refusal to answer questions concerning alleged communist activity, and the holding the states cannot have laws against sedition so long as federal penalties are in force. Atwell of Dallas told liewsmen he is preparing a resolution urging other states to join Texas “in taking appropriate steps for submission of a constitutional amendment which clearly and unequivocally defines state’s’ rights as understood by our forefathers….” The Sadler resolution declares: “The acts of the federal judiciary in wilfully asserting a meaning of the Constitution unsupported by Iate under direction of the Governor. Under the plan approved 21 parole officers would be employed the first year with the total to be boosted to 42 the second year. Backers of the plan say the systern is needed to give adequate supervision to parolees and to allow the parole of a higher percentage of state prisoners. The proposal, which also provides for employment of probation officers but leaves it up to the counties to pay such workers, was opposed