The one great rule of composition is to speak the truth. Thoreau An Ind. We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right , as we see it. r ob 9131 ,y Newspaper tr\( LiARY 15, 1957 Vol. 48 10c per copy No. 38 Solons Get Busy on Money, Water Hostilities Seem Abated; Members’ Ethics Discussed I The Switchover AUSTIN Voyles, Austin; and Dr. S. L. AUSTIN Milling about among the veterans, the 56 new members of the Texas House and the nine freshmen in the Texas Senate tried to make sense out of the 55th session this week. Said a freshman representative from Central Texas : “Say, ah, what gives? I don’t know who the hell is who here.” The veterans were aware of a change in the climate of recent sessions. Senators knuckled down to committee work on the water problem and representatives went into skull sessions on appro New Water Tax? At only one point did Allan Shivers ad lib in his parting speech to the legislature. For the first time in his half dozen addresses to them, he said, “I feel a kind of amateurish nervousness.” HOUSTON The Houston Post reported from Washington last week that Mrs. R. D. Randolph, the Democratic national committeewoman, would be asked to stop working with Democrats of Texas, “a splinter group,” or resign her post. In the same article, the Post reported a charge Mrs. Randolph had .failed to turn over to the Democratic National Committee its portion of a fund-raising dinner the Harris County Democrats held last October. Mrs. Randolph said that “these false charges” were meant “to try to intimidate me and other Democrats in Texas … from participating in the organization we recently formed.” She said “the parties who are responsible” want to “personally dominate our state party rather than allow it to reflect the wishes of its members.” “The lengths that these people will go to to keep their personal domination of the party was exemplified by their obvious steal of the Fort Worth convention last September,” she said. The charges brought immediate repercussions from other quarters. The day after the first story, the Post published a photograph of a cancelled check for $3,000 which Roger Daily, Houston attorney and finance chairman for the din Oates, Center. He submitted a number of other appointments at the same time. As Shivers left office, Price Daniel stepped in. He made “a courtesy call to pay my respects” to President Eisenhower before he left Washington. He said he will make specific recommendations to a joint session some time after hisgeneral speech Tuesday at the inauguration ceremonies. He will appoint his interim successor and call an election if necessary, he said, but it would be “very disagreeable” to him to have to do so. It is understood now that he plans to ask the legislature for droiith relief funds and for state-financed advertising. Rep. Jerry Sadler of Percilla, who began his study of law in the law firm of Allan Shivers’s father, said he thought Shivers made his best speech in farewell. Rep. Joe Burkett of Kerrville, an unbending conservative, said: “He holds strong to his course. It was masterfully done as usualhe is the master.” There was, it is true, some indifference to the swan dive. Several of the liberals adjourned to a local beer garden during the event. Another, Rep. Don Kennard of Fort Worth, said it was “typical. But I didn’t pay too much attention, I was busy with other matters.” Shivers wasn’t interrupted for applause at any point, although he was given ner in. question, had sent the national committee as its share of the proceeds. The Post explained its publication of the erroneous charge by quoting Sam Brightman publicity director of the national committee, as saying he had not looked under the proper listing for the check. The Post did not check Mrs. Randolph or Daily before publishing the story. Speaker Sam Rayburn, who was mentioned in the original story, along with Senator Lyndon Johnson, as one of those who would, within ten days, ask Mrs. Randolph to drop her connection with the Democrats of Texas or resign the national committee, told reporters in Washington: “It’s a goddam lie.” Senator Johnson, over whose objections Mrs. Randolph was elected national committeewoman by the May convention in Dallas last year, said: “I have no comment.” Paul Butler, the Democratic national chairman, said: “There have been some indications that there would be an effort to remove Mrs. Randolph, but I will not be a part of it. What she does in Texas is one thing, but so long as she does not give any substantial evidence of disloyalty, the national committee will do nothing about it.” Butler branded the Post story “totally untrue, unjust, and embarrassing.” He added: “I assured AUSTIN A water users’ tax to finance water conservation is drawing potent fire from Rio Grande Valley interests, the Texas Farm Bureau, and Texas labor unions. But it is the program the Texas water resources committee has settled on, and apparently it will be fought through this session, as it was fought through the 1953 and 1955 legislatures. The committee tax plan was introduced in the Senate as the number one order of business, but in committee hearing just three hours later, sharp opposition developed. Senator George Parkhouse, Dallas, chairman of the committee, introduced 16 water proposals, highlighted by two constitutional amendments. Co sponsors with tively no such move is on foot, nor would I or anyone else of the Democratic National Committee try to unseat her, because we think she is a loyal Democrat and an excellent member of the national committee. Nothing could be farther from my mind.” Butler said Mrs. Randolph will not be subjected to any quiz on in the other organizations to which a committee member belongs so long as he or she is loyal to the Democratic Party. LARRY BLACKMON and J. Ed Connally, members of the state executive committee, called on Butler Saturday a week ago asking for proof that Mrs. Randolph had sent the committee its share of the October dinner proceeds. “At that time our committee records showed no contribution, although on rechecking it we have established there was a check for $3,000 received,” Butler said. The original Post story saying the money had not been sent appeared the morning after Blackmon and Connally had visited Butler. THE STORY said that the criticism of Mrs. Randolph was not that she did not work “she DOES work,” it saidbut that she works “on the wrong side of the tracks.” This was modified in a later Post story to read: Parkhouse on most of the proposals are Senators Ray Roberts, McKinney, and Bill Wood, Tyler. The first proposed constitutional amendment would create’ a three-member Texas Water Development Board and permit the state to “… collect from all persons …. fees for the right to use or divert fresh surface waters.” The tax would raise about $2 million a year at the following rates: “For irrigation by a statutory appropriator, ten cents per acre per annum, based upon the total number of acres which the holder of an appropriative water right claims the right to irrigate annually using public waters; “For irrigation by a riparian, ten cents per annum for each acre actually irrigated; .”For the generation of hydro “Their criticism is that she is working with a splinter group, the Democrats of Texas, which is a remnant of the old Democratic Advisory Committee.” Democrats of Texas was formed on the California plan by a group of about 50 liberal Democrats meeting in Austin last month \(Obsaid Democratic clubs will or Each county is,to have five delegates, regardless of the county’s population. Senator Johnson and Speaker Rayburn are naturally displeased, since they were not consulted and might have little or no authority at the convention. Mrs. Randolph accepted the temporary chairmanship and, in fact, met with the steering committee of the group in Austin last Saturday. MRS. RANDOLPH, noting that she was consulting lawyers about possible libel and slander action, said she had cooperated with the state Democratic executive committee through the StevensonKefauver campaign. It only met once, she said, and she was present when it did. She released this statement of her position: “While the story that appeared in Sunday’s newspaper came as a surprise to me as far as the specific accusations against me are \(Continued on Page priations the first week of the session a n unprecedented alacrity in tackling brain-splitting chores. Political hostilities were at a minimum. The East Texas bloc agreed \(at to wait until the money bill passes to start raising sand against depro-Shivers senator said he didn’t see why he shouldn’t back Governor Daniel now, since they represented the same philosophy of government; Rep. Charles Hughes, Sherman, a liberal spokesman, averred: “I haven’t seen anything like this since 1951. Nobody’s mad at anybody, nobody knows who their enemies are.” But maybe it’s just early. Anyone who was expecting surprising changes in the complexion of the House this session v-as surprised on a nainot vote of considerable interest Thursday. On a motion to raise the wages of the electrician who runs the House voting board from $15 to $20 a day, the point was made that union wages for electricians are about $3.50 an hour, and $20 would be a fair rate, that considered. The raise was defeated, 108-22. The members also decided to raise their secretaries from $9 to $10 a day, with Rep. DeWitt Hale, Corpus, finessing the group that wanted to pay $12 \(led by Rep. tuting his motion for $10. In the Senate, the members raised their secretaries from $12 to $14 a day. The legislators get $25 a day for . the first 120 days of the session only; then, nothing. Among the more important changes the new Speaker of the House has instituted is the moving of the members’ free telephones from the anteroom at the entrance to the chamber, where they were often collared by lobbyists while trying to answer a call from a constituent, to the hall behind the chamber where the secretaries used to work. Now they can go to the telephones without fear of being waylaid. \(See related story about the admission of TV-men and the limitations of secretaries’ rights on The legislature approved a $2.3 million appropriation to finance the session. The Senate elected Sen. Ottis Lock. Lufkin, its president pro-tern. The Speaker’s race for the 1959 session has already started, and the candidates now are Reps. Barefoot Sanders, Dallas, Ben Glusing, Kingsville, Joe Burkett, Kerrville, and Will Smith, Beaumont. SPEAKER CARR set the reform and reformed tone of the current session as he took up his potent gavel. VALLEY TOLD ‘GO TO COAHUILA’ With his remaining days as governor “numbered on the fingers of one hand,” perhaps Shivers was uncomfortable merely because he no longer had any authority over his audience. Perhaps, again, he was agitated by the sense , of standing at the bar of history. Shivers sent to the Senate 321 appointments he has made since July, 1955. Then, Thursday, he named some more state officials. A fight is shaping up in the Senate over the confirmation of John Osorio, the Shivers appointee for insurance commissioner, and R. M. Dixon, chairman of the Texas Board of Water Engineers. Sen. Doyle Willis, Fort Worth, says he doesn’t like “twilight appointments.” Others who may be in the movement are Sens. Frank Owen III, El Paso, Ray Roberts, McKinney, a n d Hubert Hudson, Brownsville. Osorio was a Shivers aide and Dixon has presided at many controversial water hearings. Shivers Thursday named Joe Thompson, Dallas; Thornton Hardie, El Paso; and J. P. Bryan, Freeport, to the University of Texas board of regents to replace Tom S e a 1 y, Midland; Claude POST STORY ON MRS. RANDOLPH REBUKED the Democrats of Texas, as the ganize on a county basis and hold national committee isn’t interested a state convention next May.