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Stealing Top Youth Crime OFFENSES FOR WHICH CHILDREN WERE COMJUVENILE OFFENSES TRAINING SCHOOLS FROM 21, 1956 ffi Galveston Gambling Crackdown Debated latest FBI bulletin on national crime trends showed that “58 percent of all auto thefts were committed by young people under 18 years of age. They also committed 49 percent of all burglaries, 15 percent of all rapes, and even 5 percent of all homicides. “Statistics such as these are not intended to frighten anyone, but they are vital in pointing up the fact that our juveniles who become delinquents, though they may be a small percentage of the entire population, present an ever-increasing and most serious problem. The amount of money which they cost the average taxpayer each year is enormous, not to mention the waste of human resources that the children themselves represent in terms of potentially solid citizens. “Awareness of the problems of youth is necessary to everyone who comes in contact with them. An understanding outlook i s equally important. What a child does is frequently not nearly so important as why he does it,” the YDC report said. STATISTICALLY the YDC describes the average youth in trouble and his circumstance. Eighty percent of our juvenile delinquents are boys; 45.2 percent are Anglo Americans, 3 1 percent Latin Americans, and 23.5 percent are Negroes. The average age of youngsters committed to the training, schools is 15.7 years. While the eligible age range is from ten to 19, around 90 percent of the youngsters committed are between the ages of 13 and 16. Most of the boys had reached the low seventh grade in school, while most of the girls had made it to the low eighth. More than 56 percent of the youngsters committed come -from homes where either the father or mother is dead, where the parents are divorced or separated, or where the father has deserted. But 35 percent come from homes where the parents are living together. Nearly 45 percent of those committed have a history of regular school attendance, while 55 percent went irregularly. The records show that “some form of stealing” is ,the main reason for referral of children committed to the schools. “This year 900 children, 68 percent of the total admissions, were referred for various forms of stealing, with 21 percent referred for auto thefts and 32 percent for burglaries.” Among referrals for other violations were: robbery, 2.4 percent; sex offenses, 6.9 percent; homicide, 1.4 percent; running away, 7.5 percent; assault, 2.2 percent; liquor or drugs, three percent. The YDC explained: “The .majority of children committed for stealing are boys, while the majority of children committed for disobedience and SAN ANTONIO Humble, Gulf, and Continental have hoisted the price of crude oil from 25 to 45 cents a barrel and the wholesale price of gasoline a cent a gallonand a service station association spokesman here accuses the oil companies of “taking all the profits” of the increase. The anticipated increase was announced Thursday. Al Chauvin, president of the San Antonio branch of the Texas Service Station Assn., said angrily: “Why couldn’t they just raise it and give the dealers a chance … The oil companies are taking all immoral conduct are girls. This year 84 percent of the boys and eleven percent of the girls were committed for some form of stealing. On the other hand, 76 percent of the girls and only seven percent of the boys were committed for disobedience or immoral conduct.” Estimates are that possibly as high as 90 percent of all girls committed to the Youth Council have sexually promiscuous backgrounds. The boys are involved in more immoral, conduct situations than are revealed hi the records, but these are still not as frequently noted as in the cases of girls, it was reported. MOST OF THE YOUNGSTERS who get in trouble in Texas live in the cities. “The 16 counties in Texas with juvenile. age children totaling 581;685 \(or 52 percent of cent of the children yeceived at state training schdols. The next 161 counties with a juvenile court a g e population ranging from 1,000 to 9,999 \(or 44 percent of the total admissions, while the remaining counties \(with eight percent of the juvenile court age cent of the total admissions. The twelve counties which referred the most children to state training schools \(the first figure is the total number referred, the second is the number of first offenders, and the third figure the profits of this increase. This will lower our percentage of profit, which forces more dealers out of business …. “The oil companies are making more money than they ever made in their history, and a nationwide survey shows 40 percent of the dealers are going broke.” Chauvin said in San Antonio, 208 of the 500 service station operators have gone out of business in the past year. Legislators found a silver lining in the increase. If it is general in the industryas raises have been as a matter of customit is expected to increase tax revenues for the state $16 million a year. PERCENT OF TOTAL 68.4% 21.0 31.6 2.4 1.7 11.7 13.2 1.9 7.5 3.8 8.2 1.3 6.9 3.6 1.4 2.2 6.1 1.8 3.0 1.3 .5 100.0% shows the number of youngsters returned for breaking parole or Bexar, 138, 112, 26; Dallas 159, 95, 64; El Paso 66, 57, 9; Galveston 18, 12, 6; Harris 157, 119, 38; Jefferson 38, 31, 7; Lubbock 26, 20, 6; McLennan 43, 29, 14; Nueces 45, 33, 7; Potter 32, 25, 7; Tarrant 72, 54, 18; Travis 50, 35, 15. “Populations at the state schools increased very significantly during the current fiscal year. The strain on the schools has indeed been great in trying to hold children long enough to provide even partially adequate training while struggling with increasing overcrowded conditions,” reported the YDC. The Gatesville School for Boys, which had managed to maintain an average time in school of 8.8 months during past years,. was forced to release boys after an .average stay of 7.4 months. The girls’ schools held t their wards slightly longer than the average set last year. The average time under care for girls at Gainesville was 13 months while the period was 16.9 months at Crockett.” The YDC, which is currently spending $1,217,005 annually for operation of the three schools and a central administrative office in Austin, reported it must have more money to hire more people and improve facilities. “The staff of the YDC, provided by available appropriated funds, is insufficient for the council to meet all the mandates of the law …. The council has no field staff, no branch offices, no one in the various population centers to help discharge its legal responsibilities to its wards on parole and under superyision …” it was pointed out. The council recommended that it “be granted sufficient funds for the expansion of its present facilities \(buildings, staff, and comodate its ever-increasing pop it be granted funds for Preven tion and Parole Services in order that it might keep its facilities at approximately their present op erating capacities and accomp lish a significant portion of its task outside the institutions in accordance with the statutes …” B. B. AUSTIN Four new officials ranking from top state to county levels began this week coming face-to-face with their campaign promises to clean up Galveston gambling and prostitution. They took these positions: Governor elect Price Daniel: “My feeling is the same as always …. the law should be respected and enforced in all counties …” Attorney General Will Wilson: He said he would give new county officials ample time to do the job. If they don’t, he says he still will do it. Galveston County District Attorney Louis G. Benson: He promised “vigorous prosecution” of all cases presented to him.’ Galveston County Sheriff Paul Hopkins: He reiterated that his promise to “enforce the laws as they are written” still stands and added this includes gambling, prostitution, narcotics, and liquor laws. However, he added, “I hope anyone else will not expect great changes overnight.” One of the most interested spectators, Galveston’s controversial Mayor George Roy Clough, had this to say of the various officials: Daniel and Wilson: “Why don’t they do more and talk less? I’m tired of hearing what they are going to do. I’m tired of one-horse politicians making a whipping boy out of Galveston when Dallas, Fort Worth, Waco, Houston, and half the other big towns in Texas all have more gambling and prostitution.” He branded Daniel and Wilson statements “so much political ballyhoo.” Benson and Hopkins: They are “very fine gentlemen” and “I have never heard either of them say he intends to ‘enforce all the laws’.” He added he is glad neither one is a crusader. Wilson said the fact that he was not at once moving in on Galveston County did not mean that he has altered his plans to see AUSTIN The so-called “wheels of justice” began picking up speed for George B. Parr this month with the result that the Duke of Duval found he personally had more cases docketed for 1trial than most lawyers. In state district court at San Diego, a hearing is scheduled Jan. 11 for Parr and two of his associates, B. F. Donald and F. Saenz Jr., on charges that they forged seven checks against the Benavides school district. Parr is scheduled to be tried in federal court in Austin in late January on charges of income tax evasion, a n d his re-trial on charges of mail fraud has been reset for trial in Houston on Jan. 28. In addition, he has several state court criminal cases pending, including a new one in which he, Donald and Octavio Saenz were indicted by the current Duval County grand jury on charges of forging school district checks. Meanwhile, Parr is also involved in other litigation of his own instigation. Despite, his reelection as sheriff of Duval County, his political enemies controlling the county commissioners court refused to certify his election on grounds he owes the county $285,000 on the Dobie Ranch deal. that the law is enforced. He at first declined to make a statement on the matter because it “might be construed as a threat to local officers. I’m going to give them about 90 days and if they don’t clean up Galveston we will take steps,” he declared. Wilson added: “I believe in local government and do not want to centralize the police power. I hope the new regime in Galveston will meet its full obligations.” Daniel, pointing out that he has not yet taken office, said on the matter of ordering the Rangers into Galveston County: “They are seldom sent in without local request for them. I wouldn’t want to say, however, that this policy is without exception.” The governor-elect recalled that he made an exception in. 1951 when as Attorney General he amassed information and secured an injunction against Maceo gambling syndicate horserace wire service betting operations. Bookie operations, incidentally, are again wide open in Galveston County, although they vvere shut down successfully for more than a year by Daniel. Despite the new statements by Daniel and Wilson, and Mayor Clough, apparently many of the county’s gamblers didn’t appear to view the matter seriously. “If the people want to gamble they’re going to gamble. The Bible doesn’t say gambling is a sin. I don’t deny gambling is going on here, but Galveston is just as clean or cleaner than other cities in Texas …. They’re \(Daniel and than Homer Garrison and his Texas Rangers,” declared Clough. The mayor said that the town hasn’t changed a bit, despite all the “political talk,” but added that if the threat was carried out they’ll be “hanging crepe on the seawall. If you think people want to go to Sunday School only, and see the salt water, you’ve got another think coming,” explained Mayor Clough. The ex-czar of Duval has filed a motion before the Fourth Court of Civil Appeals in San Antonio seeking to force the county commissioners to certify him as sheriff. The man he defeated for the job by a 400-vote margin, J. P. Stockwell of Benavides, was reinstalled by the commissioners in Parr’s place. CLASSIFIED WANTED: Experienced Man to take charge of small herd Angus cattle, some sheep, and hens. $250 per month and house, with heat, light and telephone allowance. Please send complete information first letter, including age, experience, family, and references. Will pay transportation for right man. Foxstand Farm, Jaffrey, New Hampshire. $400 Monthly Spare Time Refilling and collecting money from our high grade nut machines in this area. No selling! To qualify for work you must have car, references, $600 cash, secured by inventory. Devoting 6-8 hours a week to business, your end of percentage of collections will net up to several hundred dollars monthly with very good possibilities of taking over full time Income increasing accordingly. For interview, include phone number in application. Write P. 0. Box 724, Dallas, Texas. 1111e THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 5 Jan. 8, 1957 MITTED TO STATE SEPT. 1, 1955 TO AUG. OIL PRICES HOISTED OFFENSE NUMBER Stealing 900 Auto theft