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A Liberal Party? To the Editor: In your article, “What Now, Libpoint out some very salient facts._ I have been giving the whole idea some thought myself … I don’t believe the Democratic Party can continue to represent men as far apart as Governor Harriman and Senator Eastland. I am more and more becoming convinced that people must be given parties that represent a political philosophy. This business of attempting to take in all political philosophies leads either to political parties without meaning or parties in power which are trying to go two directions at the same time. I feel pretty confident that one of the major troubles of the Eisenhower Administration is that Eisenhower himself has no political philosophy because he has never given the matter any thought, and those around him are either conservative or absolutely reactionary, which instinctively he doesn’t likebut is not quite sure why. In order to correct this situation and make the Democratic Party mean something, I believe that the Democratic Party ought to stand out as the liberal party. It might even be necessary, though I hope not, to dissolve the whole Democratic Party and form a Liberal Party. This would take a great deal of work and leave the opposition in the fields four years from now. However, eventually I believe there must be a Liberal and Conservative Party which will allow people to know exactly what policies they are voting for. This will make it impossible except in rare instances to have the vote go for the man with the personality, because if one were a Liberal a person with a nice personality of the opposite philosophy would not attract one’s vote, and vice versa if one were a Conservative. I am wondering if the time has not come to explore this situation and see whether or not the Democratic Party can remake itself into a Liberal Party or whether it will be necessary to form a Liberal Party, not only in Texas but throughout the nation. PERCY S. STRAUS, JR. Bankers Mortgage Bldg., Houston 2 ‘A Cheap Barber’ To the Editor: In reference to your article \(Obto Barber Board,” the members of said board deny this, but I am very doubtful about that. Several years ago I was getting a hair cut in a barber shop, in one of elude corporate stockholders and “the individual lenders” who finance the corporation, you see. You don’t? Well, let’s try again. “In the case of many corporations,” he says, “income taxes, state and local levies absorb more than half of their earningsfrequently twice as much as their dividends to their owners.” This, obviously, is outrageous, Landrum means. After all ! Taxing those corporations like that ! But wait a second thought: “In the final take of taxes, it is the individual consumer, user, or saver who pays. There is nobody else to pay.” To Landrum, it is all the same theoretically if people earning $2,000 a year have to pay a five-cent tax on every loaf of bread and a ten-cent tax on every bottle of milk, while Chase National Bank and General Motors taxes at all, because, you see, the individual has to pay anyway, and its just as well for old Joe Stumblebum to our local towns, when One of the state inspectors stepped in. He glanced around, then he and the ,barber stepped behind the chair, and.the barher remarked, “There is a cheap barber in town.” The inspector replied, “I will inspect him.” He did, and he put the barber out of business. by using the sanitary club on him. MAX MARBURGER Rte. 3, Flatonia Defense of. Israel To the Editor: After reading the editorial, “No conclude that Mr. Dugger is suffering temporarily, I hopefrom historical amnesia. Specifically, would he have ascribed to Great Britain and France the behavioral adjectives of “immoral,” “shameful,” and “reckless” had these countries terminated Hitler’s adventure into the Rhineland in 1937 and his later rape of Czechoslovakia ? With little effort,. Mr. Dugger might recall that “immoral” and “shameful” were the terms characterizing Mr. Chamberlain’s behavior at Munich for failing to act then as Great Britain acted now in a situation directly analogous …. Colonel Nasser, a dictator, and by definition an authoritarian, is capable essentially of two extreme responses: aggression by force or submission to force. For example, his avowed and repeated purpose was the destruction of Israelan oasis of democracy in an arid Arab world of fiefs and dictators. Submission by Colonel Nasser to force was demonstrated dramatically by the debacle he suffered in Sinai and Suez …. In conclusion, Mr. Dugger, your proposal, pernicious in essence, that Adlai Stevenson exploited the Middle Eastern situation to capture the proIsraeli vote in the United States was “quite a comedown” for the Observer. Had I not been familiar with your activities in Austin \(especially on the believe to be sincereprotestations of liberalism, I might have judged your editorial to have issued from an incipient anti-semitism. MONROE LEFKOWITZ 177 So. Glenwood Dr., El Paso The Real Wonder To the Editor: As a member of the Young Democratic Club of Dallas County, I am in frequent association with many fellow liberals who look to The Texas Observer as a beacon of light in the dark world of Texas reactionary publications. My attention has been called pay as it is for Nelson Rockefeller or Charley Wilson. We’re all just ordinary folks. Everything, in fact, comes back to individuals. There’s really no such thing. as a corporation, is there? This is a comfort, a real comfort; think of the money we’ll save when we dismantle the anti-trust division. After all, profits go 100 percent to individuals ! What are you grousing about? IT’S HARD to be joyous all the time when you’re defending such tattered banners. Indebted to him as we are, we close, therefore, without cavil, on his own sigh of nostalgia : “Some day,” he says ; “Some day America is going to grow up about TVA current manufactured by Act of Congress, trigger-figure bookkeeping and income tax collection. Some day,” he says; “Some day ‘federal aid’ for roads and for schools and whatnot ….” RON NIE DUGGER to yoUr editorial … “No War,” in which you state : “When . Israel, Britain, and .France attacked Egypt,. they. betrayed a .peace-striving world. Regardless of the merits of prior disputes, the resort to force in a world which also contains hydrogen bombs is not only fundanientally ‘immoral, it is reckless and shameful. When again can those three nations rise in the assemblies of the world and. say, ‘AS members’ of the family of peace-loving nations’ ..” The above paragraph would have been much more at home in the Dallas Morning News than in your paper, which otherwise is such an eloquent defender of so many good . causes. Your amazing statement that “President Eisenhower took an hon orable position against the aggressor” and further talk about Stevenson’s “unprincipled play for the pro-Israeli vote” were about as out of place in a liberal publication as a democracy in an Arab land. …. No nation on earth has been subjected to a constant battle for survival as has Israel since the day of her birth. Daily the Israeli hears over his radio Arab threats of destruction. Week a fterweek, month after month, Israelis are murdered by Nasser’s Feyadeen The real wonder. is how Israel has shown such remarkable’ restraint during these last eight years. She knows better than anyone the sad waste in the necessity of having to bear arms Israel is an oasis of democracy in the feudalistic Middle East … as progressive a democracy as this world knows …. RICHARD P. MOTTSMAN 5724 E. Claridge Circle, Dallas 19 Meat pf It To the Editor : I am most grateful for the excellent review which you gave my workmen’s compensation \(study in the Observer. You certainly got at the “meat” of the monograph. I am sure you will be happy to know that orders for the monograph have been pouring in since this copy of the Observer appeared …. SAM B. BARTON Economics Dept., NTSC, Denton No Criticism, Please To the Editor : It was with regret that some of us noted on the editorial page of the … Observer a derogatory reference to a stand taken by Governor Stevenson of the political campaign. \(Governor leading issues, and his campaign based on the realities of today’s domestic and international situations, should awaken such favorable and grateful response among us loyal Democrats that we might well refrain from adverse comment, a commodity handled in such profuse quantity by the daily press. M. S. ESTILL 1614 Avenue K, Huntsville A Dry Year To the Editor: This has been a dry year for liberals, statewide as well as nationwide. The only way to keep our courage up is to remember 1948 and read the Texas Observer. Please renew my subscription. W. H. STOCKARD Gainesville, Fla. No More Sniping To the Editor: I’m worn out with all this sniping at Lyndon Johnson featured in your good paper, and at Sam Rayburn, too. I won’t draw any elaborate morals about those of us who worked like dogs to carry our boxes for Yarbor ough and again for Stevenson \(de while others, to judge from your columns, were sitting up nights bellyachin’ about the Senator and the Speaker. What your readers really need is a little more information about the fights and frequent victories those gentlemen have had in saving Demo7 cratic gains for the American people from more severe Republican damage. As for Senaor Johnson, why do. you think your Northern heroes. of liberalism have supported leader ship in the Senate so regularly ? Don’t you folks realize what it ineansL–that Johnson is chairman of Democratic steering, policy, etc.–when our various Democratic’ stalwarts take the floor in the Senate with partY . backing?, Much of the effectiveness of’ the Senate leader’s work is .found in technical and dull-soundinglegisla. tion, but that’s no excuse for .overplaying petty bickering . ‘while the great burden of Democratic .accomp: . lishment goes unnoticed …. I say we have little appreciation. Actually, we give Lyndon. Johnson and Sam Rayburn the votes, even if we do snipe. at them. JOHN W ILDEN THAL, JR, COttill a Faith Renewed To the Editor Since the debacle of the May and September conventions, and the July 28 primary, and last of all the terrific defeat of. Nov. 6, I have felt so defeated and defeated and disgusted and disillusioned that I felt never again could I raise my voice for liberal loyalists. But the courageous, outspoken, and correct analysis of the situation in Texas, “Angry Letter Scorches Brass, has renewed. my ‘faith and optimism somewhat. Also, the article, “Where Do Democrats Go From Here,” may express my sentiments exactly. I never did trust Johnson very much before the May convention, and now not at all. I was a delegate to the May and September conventions, and then saw him on TV make a disgusting spectacle of himself at Chicago. As Johnston said, “Johnson did not want Stevenson to be president, because he expects to be a candidate in 1960. Also, if either Johnson or Rayburn had “lifted a finger for Yarborough,” we would now have a Democrat for governor …. Seven hundred thousand Democrats have news for Johnsonhe won’t even be elected senator again. But the thing that really hurt was the defection of Sam Rayburn. He was the Rock of Gibraltar to me, Democratically speaking. I thought nothing and nobody could sway him, but Johnson has. Neither Johnson nor Rayburn nor -Daniel want Yarborough as senator. But, I’ll stop on Daniel. No use right now to say anything …. MRS. J. M. JONES 705 N. Main, Temple For Fath’s Idea To the Editor : I an strongly in favor of organizing Democratic clubs, on the precinct level. I don’t believe the average citizen is consujted enough, concerning the many issues, laws, etc., that affect him. ‘I am also in favor of paying dues. Part of the money could be used to finance campaigns, part of it to educate the voters, on what is best for them. L. B. GRIFFIN 7613 Eckra, Houston 17 Cheer for Skelton To the Editor: My maiden name was Bell. I think that the way Texas went in the election, that I would like to move to and live in Bell County. Credit should go to our real Democratic leader, Byron Skelton. We need more Democrats like him in Texas …. Dallas THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 3 Nov. 28, 1956 Some Day