Marshall Explains Aims of NAACP The Case of the Raped Harlot TYLER “Our whole aim is to avoid strife and make democracy work,” said Thurgood Marshall, special counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Testifying before District Judge Otis A. Dunagan in a case aimed at outlawing the NAACP from Texas, Mar-. shall said the organization he represents takes its grievances to court only as a last resort. Marshall answered that portion of Attorney General John Ben Shepperd’s petition charging the NAACP’s policy is to “foment or encourage litigation.” He said it is “not only contrary to our policy but we have actually paid outside lawyers to help reach a settlement” between Negro parents and school boards. Shepperd, called to the stand by the NAACP, denied that he was “investigating because Negroes were advising each other how to get their children in school.” Shepperd told NAACP attorney W. J. Durham: “If you want my candid opinion, I think there has been very little help on the part help get Negro students into schools in Texas … My interpretation of the U.S. Supreme Court order is that there is no time limit. I think either side has the right to do what it thinks best,” and he added that he didn’t “think the U. S. Supreme Court endowed the NAACP or any LEGALS TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: Notice is hereby given that E. G. Feild, doing business under the firm name of E. G. Feild Physicians and Surgeons Supply Company intends to incorporate such firm, without a change of name, from this date, the 28th day of September, A.D. 1956. E. G. FEILD d.b.a. E. G. FEILD PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS SUPPLY COMPANY CITATION BY PUBLICATION DHE STATE OF TEXAS TO Francisco Ruiz, Defendant, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: commanded to appear before the 126th Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 o’clock A.M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof ; that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A.M. of Monday the 12th day of November, 1956, and answer Hey Democrat! GOT A SECOND? There’s a way you can help elect Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver president and vice president of the United States. How? By organizing a Young Democratic Club in your school of your county, composed of young people from 18 to 40. Interested? Want to have a hand a real part in winning the Democratic victory in November? Then write any of the following officers of the Young Democratic Clubs of Texas: EDGAR L. BERLIN President Goodhue Bldg., Beaumont ROGER DAILY -Natl. Committeeman 2501 Crawford, Houston other organization to enforce the order …” Among other witnesses called by the defense were Willie Melton, president of the Fort BendWharton County NAACP branch, and Mrs. C. B. Adair, executive secretary of the Houston chapter. Both testified that their chapters of the NAACP operated on a cooperative basis with the national organization but that they did not take orders from the national officers. They cited instances where the chapters had acted in direct opposition to national preference. Mrs. Adair said she held her position in Houston despite efforts of national officials of the NAACP to oust her. She said the Houston chapter did not get approval from the national organization before filing segregation suits and cited the “courthouse cafeteria case” pending in. federal court as an example. Under cross-examination she admitted that she took the initiative in sending out a branch newsletter last August urging members to go to the polls and advising them that if Price Daniel were elected governor his administration would be dominated by white citizen councils. She charged that Daniel had not told the truth in radio speeches in which he said the NAACP had contributed t o Ralph Yarborough’s campaign. “I wanted them to know that Price Daniel had lied, and to vote their o w n convictions,” Mrs. Adair told the court. She granted being a member of the Harris the petition of plaintiff in Cause Number 105,270, in which Martina Ruiz is Plaintiff and Francisco . Ruiz is defendant, filed in said Court on the 28th day of September, 1956, and the nature of which said suit is as follows: Being an action and prayer for judgment in favor of Plaintiff and against defendant for decree of divorce dissolving the bonds of matrimony heretofore and now existing between said parties. Plaintiff alleges cruel treatment on the part of defendant toward plaintiff of such a nature as to render their further living together as husband and wife altogether insupportable. Plaintiff further alleges that no children were born of said union and no community property was accumulated. Plaintiff prays for costs of suit and relief, general and special. All of which more fully appears from plaintiff’s original petition on file in this office, and to which reference is here made. If this citation is not served within 90 days after date of its issuance, it shall be returned unserved. WITNESS, 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts of Travis County, Texas. Issued and given under my hand and the seal of said Court at office in the City of Austin, this the 28th day of September, 1966. 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts, Travis County, Texst By ELI GREER, Deputy. CITATION BY PUBLICATION I’HE STATE OF TEXAS TO Derrell J. T. Braswell, Defendant, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: You are hereby commanded to appear before the 126th District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 o’clock A.M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof ; that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A.M. of Monday the 19th day of November, 1956,, and answer the petition of plaintiff in Cause Number 105,329, in which Nellie Marie Braswell is Plaintiff and Derrell J. T. Braswell is defendant, filed in said Court on the 5th day of October, 1956, and the nature of which said suit is as follows: Being an action and prayer for judgment in favor of Plaintif f and against Defendant for decree of divorce dissolving the bonds of matrimony heretofore and now existing between said parties; Plaintiff alleges cruel treatment on the part of defendant towards her of such a nature as to render their further living together as husband and wife altogether insupportable ; Plaintiff further alleges that no children were born of said union and no community property accumulated ; Plaintiff further prays for the restoration of her maiden name and for relief, general and special ; All of which more fully appears from Plaintiff’s Original Petition on file in this office and to which reference is here made; If this citation is not served within 90 days after date of its issuance, it shall be returned unserved. WITNESS, 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts of Travis County, Texas. Issued and given under my hand and the seal of said Court at office in the from Tampico, one of the hundreds from the interior of Mexico working in the border red-light district, made the charges, saying she was attacked by three Americans in her room in Kika’s Blue Room, a neat-looking outfit, painted blue, with red curtains and a couch by the window, plus a loud-playing juice box by the entrance. The airmen were arrested by the night-watchman Sept. 20, but the incident, according to the Nuevo Laredo district attorney, occurred on Sept. 19. The boys were arrested when they returned to the Blue Room after the night of the alleged crime, which Jesse Jones it ought to be the most modern … Jones f o u n d himself arrayed against most of the civic leaders of Houston, and many of his personal friends. But again the’ voters of Houston stood by Jones. He won the hard fight with 74 per cent of the voters on his side.” Timmons offers no clue why the other financial pistols in Houston opposed Jones’s position. The picture fades with Jones standing alOne in the field, his fanatical opponents in . their death throes at his feet. Surely “Uncle Jesse’s” personal friends deserve better treatment than this. Timmons pictures a big and, in a sense, a great man. Such a subject merits cooler analysis. County Democrats, and retorted: “I didn’t think the Harris County Democrats were on trial here.” City of Austin, this the 5th day of October, 1956. 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts, Travis County, Texas By GEO. W. BICKLER, Deputy CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO Robert B. Savage and wife, Betty D. Savage, Defendants, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: commanded to appear before the 98th District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 o’clock A. M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof ; that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A. M. of Monday the 26th day of November, 1956, and answer the petition of plaintiff in Cause Number 105,224, in which Farm and Home Savings and Loan Association, a corporation is Plaintiff and Vesper Lee Warwick and wife, Mildred Warwick, Robert B. Savage and wife, Betty D. Savage, L. L. McCandless and the City of Austin, a municipal corporation, are Defendants, filed in said Court on the 24th day of September, 1956, and the nature of which said suit is as follows: An action by plaintiff, as holder, on two promissory notes and for foreclosure of the vendor’s liens and deed of trust liens by which said notes are secured. The property involved is Lot No. 10, Block “A”, in Burnet Heights, a subdivision of a part of the George W. Spear League in Austin, Travis County, Texas, according to the map or plat of said Burnet Heights recorded at page 39, Volume 5, Travis County Plat Records, together with all improvements thereon, being the same property conveyed by McCandless Homes, Inc., to Robert B. and Betty D. Savage by deed dated May 14, 1949 and recorded at page 125, Volume 977, Deed Records of Travis County. Said notes were given by the Savages as part of the consideration for said property. Said property was subsequently transferred by the Savages to L. L. McCandless, who then transferred it to Vesper Lee and Mildred Warwick, who assumed payment of said notes and are now the owners of record of said property. Plaintiff seeks judgment against Robert B. Savage, Betty D. Savage, L. L. McCandless, Vesper Lee Warwick, and Mildred Warwick, and each of them severally, in the amount of $5,975.96, together with interest thereon from August 1, 1956, attorney’s fees and costs of suit; foreclosure of the liens on the above described property ; judgment that the title to be obtained at such foreclosure sale is free and clear of any and all liens in favor of the City of Austin or the United States of America : and general and special relief. All of which appears more fully in plaintiff’s original petition, on file in this office, to which reference is here made. If this citation is not served within 90 days after date of its issuance, it shall be returned unserved. Witness, O. T. Martin, Jr., ‘Clerk of the District Courts of Travis County, Texas. Issued and given under my hand and the seal of said Court at office in the City of Austin, this the 26th day of September, 1956. 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts, Travis County, Texas By GEO. W. BICKLER, Deputy in Mexico is punishable by four to eight years imprisonment. Three of the airmen were released after four days in jail \(“it was a weekend and we didn’t work until Monday,” said the Disconfessed, stayed in jail, a filthy, medieval place infested with rats and mice and stinking with the spit of drunkards, for ten days until the woman told the judge she had decided he was not the man that had attacked her. The man was released by Judge Jesus Quevedo Gracia, a small, grayhaired man who at first told the Observer he did not remember the case. The airmen said they paid a Mexican. lawyer, first $44 to represent them when three of them were released, and then the last one paid $88 to the same lawyer; he was released “for lack of evidence.” Nuevo Laredo authorities denied having seen any of the money. Chief of Police Pedro Lugo said that h i s investigation showed it was a Laredo, Texas, man who had represented the airmen. “I guess he talked to the woman to have her drop her charges,” he said. According to statements in the Nuevo Laredo district attorney’s office, the woman said three Americans entered her room, where she was lying down, took her to the bathroom, removed her clothes, and each one took turns assaulting her. The airman held for ten days said it was true that her clothes were removed but none of the airmen attacked her. He added they left after hearing a knock on the door. No one stopped them from leaving. THE STATE OF TEXAS To any Sheriff or any Constable within the State of TexasGREETING: You are hereby commanded to cause to be published, ONCE, not less than ten days before the return day thereof, in a newspaper printed in Travis County, Texas, the accompanying citation, of which the herein below following is a true copy\(but if there be no newspaper so printed in said county, then that you cause the said citation to be posted for at ,least TEN days before the return term thereof as required by CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO all persons interested in the estate of Mrs. Alma Ledger Veazey, Non Compos Mentis. No. 14994, County Court Travis County, Texas. Freda Alma Veazey, guardian thereof, filed in the County Court of Travis County, Texas, on the 17th day of October, A.D. 1956, her Final Account of the condition of the Estate of said Mrs. Alma Ledger Veazey, Non Compos Mentis, together with an Application to be discharged from said Estate. Said Final Account and Application will be heard and acted on by said Court on the first Monday next after the expiration of ten days from date of Posting or Publishing this citation, the same being the 5th day of November, 1956, at the Courthouse thereof in Austin, Texas, at which time and place all persons interested in the Account for Final Settlement or said Estate are required to appear by filing a written answer and contest said account and application should they choose to do so. The officer executing this writ shall promptly serve the same according to requirements of law, and the mandates hereof, and make due return as the law directs. Given under my hand and the seal of
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