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IF YOU BUY A CAB, A HOUSE; If any .f your policies expireCALL ‘Bow’ Williams Automobile and General Insurance 624 Lamar GR 2-0545 AUSTIN, TEXAS Represents ICT Insurance Co. and other standard stock companies LET’S ABOLISH THE POLL TAX’ HEBBRONVILLE GETS THE WORD HEBBRONVILLE Challenged to a six-year program for straightening out its finances, the Jim Hogg County School Board is now also confronted with the problem of getting a new superintendent to weather it out with them. S. M. Anderson resigned “with mixed emotions, no malice or anger,” to take a job with the Big Spring school board. Bascomb Hays of the State Department of Education outlined to the board in a letter a five-point program to keep the school in Hebbronville open \(see Observer, Aug. 29, mends the school go on a cash basis; raise $60,000 in gifts and loans; increase valuations for 1957-’58; possibly raise the tax rate from $1.25 to $1.50; and undertake a six-year program to pay about $150,000 in outstanding debts. Holds Ball in Senate Pile-up A careful reading of that phrase Daniel Quits; Date Indefinite’ suggests Shivers is considering Election Could Be Late as April Tidelands Hearings Set AUSTIN A hearing on Texas’s tidelands leasing procedures will be held Oct. 19 by the House Investigating Committee with State Auditor C. A. Cavness and Land Commissioner Earl Rudder named as the initial witnesses. Rep. Wade Spilman of McAllen, chairman, said t h e committee “can’t tell what type inquiry will be made as yet. AUSTIN Three Senate candidates Jim Hart, Searcy Bracefell, and Thad Hutcheson, have set their scores of the campaign. Hart broadcast his opening talk over 19 television stations Wednesday night, indicating strongly that his finances are picking up. Bracewell also had a broadcast this week and told reporters his general views. Hutcheson was on the air last week. Hart promised to serve in the Senate “for as long as the people of Texas want me there” with “all my energies.” This may have been a reference to the incumbent, Price Daniel, who turned aside from the post to run fiir governor. Hart promised party loyalty, defense of constitutional government, and support of federal drouth and water programs. He said he does not favor repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act but would study amendments and vote on them according to whether they “do away with any discrimination or unfairness to either labor or management.” He touched on foreign affairs On party loyalty he said flatly: “I am a Democrat. I will support the nominees of the Democratic Party. I will cooperate fully with my Democratic colleagues in Congress …. I believe that a senator can be most effective when working in a party’s organization, and that is what I will do.” Shivers AUSTIN Allan Shivers now has the ball in the Senate race to fill Price Daniel’s seat in the U.S. Senate, and he is handling it with all the finesse of a professional quarterback. Thad Hutcheson, the Republicans’ candidate for the seat, says it would take a Philadelphia lawyer to figure out the legal tangle. Shivers preferred to take it up with Kodiak bears in Alaska, which he’s hunting until 0c 7 tober 16 with his two sons. Hutcheson asked the Texas Supreme Court to let him file for the office but was almost immediately denied on grounds there is no vacancy yet. Daniel resigned September 27 effective January 15, 1957 or earlier if his successor is chosen before January 15. He told Governor Shivers, in effect, that he hopes a special election will be called in time for his successor to take office not later than January 3, when Congress opens; that he hopes the state Democratic executive committee will continue to study his preference for a party primary to precede the special election; and that the primary plan would make December 15, 1956, a good date for a special election. But Daniel also said the matter is now “out of my hands” and left little doubt about whose hands it is in. Mrs. It D. Randolph, national committee woman from Houston, observed that she is con He added parties are not “an end in themselves” and that he would vote in the Senate for what he thinks best for the country as a whole. His basic theme, he said, will be “faith in constitutional government.” Warning of “discord and disaster,” he said we must build up national strength and unity: “I am a Texan by birth and a Southerner by tradition and a strong believer in states’ rights. I believe that the government is best which is closest to the people. But I am also proud of the fact that as an American I am a citizen of a great nation that extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada.” He urged again respect for constitutional due process and the courts. “We must honor and respect the constitutional rights of other people,” he said. If the Constitution can be successfully defied, he asked, “Whose legal right will then be safe?” But, he said, “people do not live by legal rights alone. They must consider also the feelings of other people, the long established social traditions, and the need for good will …” On the labor issue he said “industrial peace is essential to our well-being” and observed that the Taft-Hartley Law, \(which the national Democratic Platform would for the settlement of labor disputes, guaranteeing rights to both labor and management. I do not favor repeal of that law.” Amendments advanced by labor and management should be studied and adopted or rejected depending “on whether they will eliminate needless delays and whether they will do away with any discrimination or unfairness to either labor or management,” he said. He called for foreign relations of “dignity and intelligent self-interest” and added: “We must look out for our own fused about what happens nextand can’t find anybody who can tell her but that apparently Daniel “has put it in Shivers’s hands, which is what I thought might happen.” By dating his resignation \(in augurated governor or the date his successor is qualified, Daniel seeks to prevent Shivers from dating the special election between January 3 and January 15 and naming Daniel’s successor until the new senator could be elected and sworn in. Governors have the power to name Senate replacements when Congress is in session. But the Governor might decide that Daniel’s resignation is effective January 15. Shivers could then call the Senate election as late as April 15 ,\(ninety days afpoint Daniel’s successor for the interim. Such a plan would be aimed at giving a conservative the incumbency in the race and weakening Ralph Yarborough. However, Daniel would be the senator Jan. 3, which would assure Senator Lyndon Johnson the Democratic vote he needs that day for the organization of the Senate. On the other hand, knowledgeable attorneys advise the Ob interests, because it is obvious that if we don’t nobody else will …. Foreign relations have to be a matter of give and take: we have to grant some benefits to others for the advantages we gain. Lastly, we must have some sympathy and understanding for the problems of other people and realize that they, too, have pride in their history and traditions.” Hart was introduced by Gerald C. Mann of Dallas. BRACEWELL, opening his state headquarters in Austin, said he favors a “slowdown” in integration and suggested Congress has the power to limit the injunctive authority of the courts as a means to this end. “The integration the Supreme Court has called for is a matter that just won’t work in many parts of Texas,” he said. “We’re going to have to have a slowdown or we’ll have repeats of the Mansfield situation.” Bracewell was asked if he thought and injunction limitation in racial matters could be passed by the 17 states affected by the integration decree. He replied that it is beginning to be realized “not only in the South” that “we’re going to have to slow it down.” Bracewell, who is running as a Democrat, called “silly” reports he might withdraw because a Republican is also ruining. He said he will seek Democratic nomination if there’s a primary and will run in a special election without party designation if one is designated. He is backing Eisenhower as he did in 1952, but he doesn’t expect to do more than vote for him. Bracewell said he approves federal dams if state rights are not usurped and if local agencies are involved; he is opposed to federal aid to education if it will take away local autonomy. He said he is not experienced enough in farm affairs to talk about them at this point but will do so later. server that the Governor cannot make an appointment until an accepted vacancy actually occurs. If Shivers held Daniel has resigned Jan. 15, it is unlikely than an attempt by Shivers to name Daniel’s successor after the vacancy occurs \(and after Daniel became govSecretary of State. In this view, then, the most Shivers can do is to force Daniel to appoint his own successor. DANIEL, in a legal brief, maintains that his resignation has been accepted. Hutcheson emphatically agrees. \(It is settled in Texas law that a resignation is not final unbecause Daniel says he has resigned under an old law \(the Garernor to call a special election within 20 to 90 days after he accepts a resignation to become effective at a future date. Hutcheson hopes for a sudden death election Nov. 6. Shivers merely “acknowledged receipt” of the Daniel letter. And he said to Daniel in a letter there is a legal doubt that a resignation to be effective at some future date actually creates a vacancy “and therefore, whether the governor has the authority to call a special election prior to the effective date of the resignation.” Bracewell has traveled 7,000 miles and visited 27 of the 30 largest counties in his campaign so far. HUTCHESON’S SPEECH on a television broadcast around the state was given mostly to a discussion of the timing of the Senhe pledged his support of Eisenhower if elected and listed his sixplank platform: publican platform on agriculture, States’ rights, support of Renatural resources, and desegregation, firmness and caution in dealing with Iron Curtain countries, and a two-party Texas. Hutcheson said Texans will reelect Eisenhower, who, he said, has “restored simple honor and dignity to the White House, has curbed inflation, taken Communists out of government, who has seen to the restoration of the Texas tidelands in accordance with his promise, and who has led this country, without the aid of wartime market demands, to the highest level of peace, prosperity, and steady progress in its history.” He pointed out the GOP Platform promises drouth relief. “I had the honor,” he said, of discussing this matter with Secretary of Agriculture Benson in San Francisco, and “received his personal assurances of his continuing interest.” He said he is for “a reasoable depletion allowance,” another natural gas bill, and protection of the oil industry against “excessive imports.” He said the GOP platform on race recognizes the special problems of the South and rejects the use of force for integration. He would not “go forward brutally in aggressive implementation” and he would not support those whose stance is decided “solely on the basis of prejudices and hatred without regard for legal, moral, or religious consideration.” that January 15 might be that effective date. The Governor’s actions may shore up this reading. Not only has he left the state until October 16 \(which is important because October 6 is the last day under the laws for calling an election on Nov. 6 and certifying special elecmight ask the Attorney General for a legal opinion, which he did not do before leaving town. Such an opinion might take a good while to prepare and deliver. The Garner Act \(Article 4.09 of that any elected official can resign at a future date and directs that “an election shall be ordered immediately after acceptance of the resignation to elect a successor.” Hutcheson insists the resignation has been “accepted” and tried to file for the Senate Friday on the theory that a special election is mandatory within from 20 retary of State Tom Reavley said it’s the Governor’s position he hasn’t accepted the resignation, so he, Reavley, has no legal authority to accept filing papers and fees from prospective candidates for a vancancy that has not yet occurred. Shivers may listen to attorneys who say that the Garner Act is a “general” statute which must yield to a “specific” statute dealing with senatorial elections \(Article 12.02 This “specific” statute provides that when a U.S. Senate vacancy occurs within four months of a general election, the election shall be held on general election. day; but if the vacancy occurs at some other time not so near general election, the governor calls a special session within a period of 60 to 90 days. The Jan. 15 date is within four months of Nov. 6, but the Nov. 6 issue may become moot by virtue of simple delay. BY HIS STATEMENT, Daniel said he had kept his campaign pledge to resign the Senate seat to give the voters the freest possible choice in electing a successor. He announced he won’t draw a Senate salary any more but will keep up with his Senate committee responsibilities until a successor is named. “The governor will set the date of the special election, and if time and finances permit, the state Democratic executive committee will decide whether to hold primaries preceding the special election as authorized by law,” Daniel said. The Dec. 15 date he suggested might indicate he prefers a first primary on Nov. 13 \(when voters will vote on a constitutional mary about two weeks later, leaving just two more weeks before the Democratic-Republican showdown. This would make it hard on any Democrat who chose not