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AUSTIN The election is still in dispute as we go to press. Senator Daniel, instead of being grateful to the people for the votes he received, is emitting ungracious howls about labor unions and NAACP. Ralph Yarborough will not admit to a doubt that he is the winner. There is talk among his workers about ballot box challenges and a fight at the September state convention. ‘hat was the election about ? It is far too complicated an exercise in inference and extrapolation. Liberals who hoped for a clear line on Yarborough’s philosophy had to scrape around here and there for clues. TURNERSVILLE One day four and a half decades ago when the creek was full and folks were happier, an energetic Irishman climbed atop the, canopy in front of his place of business and painted on the high wooden facade the name of the establishment: Hobin’s Stoar. His brother stood below and watched. He never questioned Barry Hobin’s wisdom in spelling it s-t-o-a-r. “Barry was a much better businessman than I was,” John Hobin said recently. “And besides, if s-t-o-a-r doesn’t spell store then what does it spell?” The sign has provided John Robin with a half-century of anecdotes and a whale of a lot of business. Whenever a salesman or some other stranger comes in and questions him about the sign, the genial Irishman just .chuckles. “Sure I know how. to spell store,” he tells them.. .”It’s s-t-o-a-r.” Hobin said one a day a salesman came in and questioned him about the sign “and pretty soon commenced to argue with me. “Then he looked around and said `are there any ladies in here?’ I told him there weren’t and he said, “Mister, either you don’t know how to spell store or you’re a damn fool’.” John Hobin is anything but a fool, nor was his brother Barry. He has had letters from “all over the country” about the stoar and a couple even came to Turnersville from New York to see it for themselves. The stoar is a typical country general store. Wash pots hang from the wall, a wood stove keeps it warm in winter, vegetables are put up in bins, hoes and brooms are stacked here and there, and the walls inside and out are plas Listening Post …. ‘In his column, Town Topics, H. M. Baggarly of the Tulia Herald advised his readers that upon following the Chicago convention on television ….. “If you found yourself distagreeing with the major philosophies held in common by most speakers … if you felt as uncomfortable as a bastard at a family reunion, then perhaps you should not be using the word Democrat in identifying yourself.” …. The list of Texas delegates at Chicago who voted for the vice-presidential nomination of Estes Kefauver, given in last week’s Observer, omitted one of the twelve : Fred Schmidt of Austin. …. The Harris County majority for Ralph Yarborough was the result of a determined last-week campaign by the Harris County Democrats to turn out the vote. …. The last week, Yarborough almost had money to burn. Aide Jim Boren privately predicted a Yarborough victory Thursday night after a day of phone conferences with enthused county managers. The Chicago convention and O’Daniel’s position were the main factors. Move Past Accusations To ‘the Next Time’ Perhaps, in \\preSenting himself both as a moderate and as a pf labor and an opponent of “foreign corporations,” Yarborough was acting on an accurate understanding of the Texas electorate. \(It was interesting to find The Crowd, a Study of the Popular Mind, by Gustave le Bon, on the cofTom Moore, Jr., the fighting young candidate for attorney general from Waco, tried an out-and-out use of the “greedy monopolies” symbol, and while he made a very strong showing in the first primary, he lost ground, tered with tobacco and feed signs. On a hot clay the homey interior has a natural coolness peculiar to country stores. But it is the sign out front that makes Hobin’s Stoar unlike any other. Along with the fun, the spelling has caused its share of grief. “I ordered 500 calendars from the Bewley feed people last year,” Hobin said. “They arrived with the name spelled s-t-o-r-e. “I called them and told them I wouldn’t .accept them that way, that wasn’t what I ordered. Finally they sent me 500 more with it spelled right.” The calendar people wei e not the only ones to’change Hobin’s spelling, nor does he expect them to be the Jules Loh last. Over ithe years he has had the same trouble with firms who print his bills, letterheads, and wrapping paper. Each time they send him something with it spelled s-t-o-r-e, he makes them take it back and misspell it correctly. JOHN ISN’T exactly sure what caused his brother Barry to spell it that way. One thing is for sure, it was not out of ignorance. Both Barry and John received college educations at St. Edward’s University in Austin. The only explanation John offers is that “Barry was a full-blooded Irishman, you know. He was lull of such tricks as that and liable to do any cockeyed thing.” But John never doubted that Barry’s “cockeyed” antics would work out for the best interest of the stoar. In 1910, at about the same time Barry misspelled store, he used another bit of psychology John said brought customers from all over. At five-mile intervals on roads Stevenson To the Editor: have started with the premise : Harriman is more liberal than Stevenson, consequently, the best candidate for the Democratic Party. And then, you proceed, by quoting from a single Harriman article, to prove it ! …. No one thought expressed in the Harriman Atlantic Monthly article had not ali-eady been developed in detail by Mr. Stevenson …. You state “Negroes and liberals alike have the feeling that he is not as intensely devoted to ending the pains and injustices of discrimination as Harriman;” and then you prove relatively, in the runoff. Nevertheless, the election proved that a candidate for statewide office in Texas can defend laboring men in politics, appear before a union assembly and make specific statements about the repeal of union-restricting legislation, promise to tax natural gas \(which is indissociable from oil pro–and get fifty percent of the vote. BECAUSE the election is still in doubt, we may at this point make observations about Yarborough as a leader which cannot be construed as sour grapes. The judge had to work under the throughout the area Barry had placed signs which said, “You’re going to be skinned anyway, why not let Hobin’s do it.” “One fellow came all the way from Gatesville just to buy some shotgun shells Once,” John chuckled. “He said `That sign I saw told the truth, so I just thought I’d let you skin me’.” The store was started in 1895 by the Hobin boys’ father, Patrick R. Robin, who came to Texas from Ireland with four sons, three daughters, and some rather controversial political views. , John Hobin, like his father, is a Republicanone of the few in Turnersville. “There are about 15 of us now,” he said. “I’ve never voted in a Democratic.. primary in my life.” John is the oldest of his family. The second boy, Tom, “was a black sheep,” John says. “He’s a Democrat.” John Hobin now is “77 \\past,” has gray hair, thick bush eyebrows, and the clothes on his rotund figure resemble. an unmade bed. He has lived all his life in Turnersville, has seen the population reach a peak of about 250. “Now there are about 100,” he estimates. TURNERSVILLE is a quiet spot. Old rock buildings clustered around the center of town reveal its age. Years ago the community was called Buchanan Springs, but when the post office department established a mail route from Gatesville to Meridian a fellow named Turner carried the route and the town became Turnersville. It’s a pleasant stop on farm` road 182 between Gatesville and Clifton in Coryell County. You know it will be as soon as you come off the high hill and spy it right in the big middle of town … Hobin’s Stoar. your inductive reasoning status by adding, “and in this they are probably correct.” It seems that at one time Senator Kefauver also opined as you do in regard to the Negro and liberal sentiment … yet, virtually every liberal and Negro box in California \(where Kefauver thought it best to than-average Stevenson plurality. In addition, your statement is belied by virtually every Negro and liberal I know personally …. The political and most practical truth about the Democratic Party is that it is the most heterogeneous conglomeration of personalities and opinions that has ever attempted to sail under one flag. To call it schizoid is to reduce it to an over-simplification, but Considerable handicap of having lost twice before. Nor was he able, at any time, really to grip the imaginations of the people who are not interested in politics. His statements often seemed too inflamed to merit serious attention. His repeated use of such symbols as “the Shivers machine,” “the little crown prince,” and “the statehouse gang” may have made as many votes for the opposition as for himself. He was too willing to transfer blame for setbacks to his co-workers. He was too ready to impute ignoble motives to some of the friends who criticized him. This exasperated some of his ‘most devoted campaigners. Yet Yarborough fought hard and did not wilt when things looked bad. If the recounting makes him governor he will serve the people well. W ITH the margin of victory or defeat so close, there is a natural temptation, from which we are not immune, to point accusing fingers. A wire arrived at the Observer Monday morning declaring:. “If you want a good post-electiop story, come to Dallas and learn how. Yarborough leaders lost the election. Going on vacation and attending the national Democratic convention.” It is true enough that had and San Antonio produced better showings for ‘Yarborough, he would have been elected clearly. Houston, Fort Worth and Corpus liberals proved what could be done in the runoff. But it is also true that had Sam Rayburn wired his endorsement of Yarborough, instead of mailing it, Yarborough would have had a clear majority; that Lyndon Johnson’s painful silence was very damaging; that the write-in campaign of Carter Wesley in the Houston Informer weakened ‘Yarborough’s turnout in Negro areas ; and so on and so on. But it will be better to move past the disappointments and focus on the really encouraging strengths. Next time San Antonio and Dallas will know that the labor-baiting, racebaiting candidate can be beaten, Next time Speaker Rayburn might take his position in time. Next time Lyndon Johnson will be two years closer to his re-election campaign and might get up the courage to defend his friends. Next time perhaps the candidate will refrain from slapping the Negroes across the mouth with an insulting statement against “forced commingling” of the races. In fact, the whole point is, “next time.” Whether Yarborough wins or loses in the wrangling that is beginning as this is written, liberalsindependents, Democrats, or Republicans can take heart at the real reaction that ,set in against Price Daniel when he began systematically slurring working men and women and minorities. Political tawdriness is passing out of style in ‘Texas; there is hope. RONNIE DUGGER a nevertheless true one. To call himis to try to convince the other half of that split personality that he is indeed moderate. \(We might parallel this situation to Yarborough campaigning in East Texas, and the same man cam1 paigning in Houston’s Negro precinctsjust plain, practical political fence straddling. All right for Mr. Yarborough, but not for Mr. StevenMARVIN J. WISS 1535 ICT Bldg., Dallas 1 \(As we have said before wrong THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 3 August 29, 1956 A Cautious Liberal Splits The Vote Hobin’s Stoar at Turnersville