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Bartlett Appears Exclusively in The Texas Observer HARRIMAN riale Troxas Ottorrurr Incorporating The State Observer, combined with The East Texas libmocrat AUGUST 8, 1956 Ronnie Dugge:, Editor and General Manager Bob Bray, Associate Editor Sarah Payne, Office Manager Published once a week from Austin, Texas. Delivered postage prepaid .1$4 per annum. Advertising rates available on request. Extra copies 10e each. Quantity orders available. Entered as second-class matter April 26, 1937, at the Post Office at Austin. Texas, under the act of March 3, 1879. We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right as we see it. We are dedicated to the whole truth, to human values above all interests. to the rights of ran as the foundation of democracy ;.eve will take orders from none but our own conscience, and never will we overlook or misrepresent the truth to serve the interests of the powerful or eater to the ignoble in the human spirit: Staff correspondents: Ramon Garces, Laredo; Clyde Johnson, Corsicana ; Mike Mistovich, Bryan ; Jules Loh, Central Texas ; Jack Morgan, Port Arthur ; Dan Strewn, Kenedy ; and reporters in San Antonio, Dallas, El Paso, and Big Spring. Staff contributors: Franklin Jones, Marshall; Minnie Fisher Cunningham, New Waverly: Robert G. Spivak, Washington. D.C.: John Igo, San Antonio ; Edwin Sue Goree, Burnet : J. Henry Antonio ; Edwin Sue Gocee. Burnet; and others. Staff cartoonist: Don Bartlett, Austin. Cartoonists : Bob Eckhardt. Houston : Etta Hulme, Houston. MAILING ADDRESS: 504 West 24th St.. Austin, Texas. EDITORIAL AND BUSINESS OFFICE: 504 West 24th St, Austin. Texas. TELEPHONE in Austin : GReenwood 7-0746. HOUSTON OFFICE: 2501 Crawford St., Houston, Mrs. R. D. Randolph, treasurer. Let those flatter who fear, it is not an American art. ‘Go, My SonSave the Kingdom JEFFERSON and the King’ 5h e A/talent primiti ve South American country, or in the Soviet Union, but it is totally out of pace and deserving of the strongest rebuke in a free and democratic land. Too long the librarians of the state have been kicked around ‘locally and at the state level at though the custodians’ of books were something like janitors. They are the guardians and formers of the minds of the young, the future of the state. The state lags badly in aid to its county libraries, and the. Hoyal incident merely reinforces the impress sion that Texans need to spend more time caring for their books and less time caring for their bank accounts. The dismissal of Margaret Hoyal as Kilgore’s city librarian \(see page ity tyranny. Mrs. Hoyal was honored by the state’s 1500 librarians last year by election . to the presidency of the Texas Library Association. She had not had a word of criticism “from the City Commission before her sudden dismissal, with o u t explanation, three days after she had acted with a liberal group at her precinct convention. Such a coercive liaison for the exercise of raw economic authority against political activity might be expected in Spain, in a politically Who’s smearing whom in the governor’s race ? Well, candor requires the assertion that it’s at best, a middle-level campaign. Price Daniel’s ruthless determination to link Ralph Y a r b’o r ou g h with the NAACP and the CIO qualifies’ him as a demagogue worthy, inP this most essential respect, of the Shivers succession. He knows perfectly well that the CIO is merged with the AFL, but he goes right. on with his primitive-calumny. In response Yarborough says wisely : “If beingfor the employees makes me a liberal, I aim” But Yarborough is off-base when he calls his opponent “junior” and former _backers who now support .. Daniel “turncoats” a n d doublecrossers. People are entitled to support whoever they want to without being called names. Daniel ought to be reamed out for calling the report about his night meeting with Shivers at the Mansion “a big lie.” J. Evetts Haley of Canyon advanced the report a week before the primary, asserting that he was absolutely certain that the Meeting occurred. Yarborough naturally picked up the account. Daniel didn’t deny it until -last week, when he came out with this inflammatory reaction. Since we now have Haley and Yarborough on one side of a fact question and Daniel on the other, nothing could be healthier than a public debate at which it could be cleared up once and for But Daniel again refused -Yarborough’s challenge to debate: This time he couldn’t claim the host group Was stacked for Yarborough, since it was the Houston Junior .Chamber of Commerce, so, in his own “high-level” style, he said Yarborough treats the truth lightly. If he were sincere in that charge. his only honorable recourse would be to accept the debate and challenge Yarborough face to face. The only reasonable conclusion is that he is afraid of an open debate and is willing to try to blacken Yarborough’s veracity to avoid it. ne tvJ Slip up We were happy a few weeks ago when the Dallas News broke its usual pace and gave ifs readers an informed view by reprinting one of our editorials. ,Apparently . the News’s readers .were not inoculated against the Observer’s ideas by the . somewhat venomous fore and aft paragraphs the News tacked on, however, since the News this week reprints only the first’ sentence of another Observer editorial and then distorts the ‘rest of it. Apparently they’ve remembered that it’s best not to let a liberal speak for himself; the people might understand what he’s saying. Jit cl e I eve _ ampaign Most of the supporters of Senator Daniel take him much like they would a cold buffet, not without enjoyment, but certainly without excessive relish. In the ‘,Palveston Voice, however, has appeared the rhapsodic tribute of a truly’ dedicated Daniel man, to wit: “When the Band slips from Times fly wheel and worlds known and unknownlose their momentum,. and. the machinery of the Universe conies to a sudden halt, on this Planet we call Earth, and in this particular. America; and in Texas, his name . Swill be remembered … Price Daniel ….” _Memo to Jake Pickle : Get after this boy. He’s Got the Idea. AUSTIN The Democrats will lose the nation again this unless they look forward instead of backward to Hoover and the depression or sideways toward their. own achievements under the New and Fair Deals: The “magnetic personality” behind which .the Republicans are again returning to the fray is literally as well as figuratively magnetic. Eisenhower has converted the “middle road” into his own private magnetic field. It does not matter that his right wing_ cancels out his left wing. Practically speaking, any opposing candidate who tries to latch onto the Republican slogans of “peace” and “prosperity” will find himself drawn off his feet and clanged to the side.of the Eisenhower person-. ality. Logically or no Adlai Stevenson has become identified’ ..-in the public mind with the harmonizers, unifiers, and gradualizers to whom party tranquility is more important than healthy and creative ferment with the opposition”; On civil rights he says substantially just about what Averell Harriman says, but he . says it in a relatively temporizing way. Negroes and liberals alike have the feeling that he is not as intensely devoted to ending the pains and injustices of discrimination as Harriman ; and in this -they are probably correct. Nor has Stevenson yet registered, with the people, any especially compelling reasons why they should give him the .majority they denied him in 1952. The Democrats will vote for Stevenson, the Republicans will vote for Eisenhower, and the independents will Vote for the magnetic personality. If the Democratic Party is still animated by the pliancy-and courage with which it renovated the national economy and championed the common man from 1932 to 1952, it will be hard pressed -to shrug off the challenge from Harriman at Chicago. The niceties of political stance and pre-convention debate yield to the simplification which should be con= trolling : as Harry Truman puts it, Harriman is “a great . liberal”; as Stevenson himself would have it, he is a moderate trying tp hold a schizoid party together.’ . The Democrats should tell the South to go to hell until it is prepared to come to terms with the will of the national majority. . Truman did just that in 1948, and the people, including the people of Texas, respected him for itand elected him. Stevenson didn’t do it in 1952, and the voters of the South \(as well as of speeches more than the standard divisions between the parties and sgurned him. BUT EVEN civil rights is not the major thing this fall in the longer breaths of history. The major thing is the new world. Out of his 15-year background as ambassador ‘and international troubleshooter, Harriman offers’ what might be called a New Deal for the free world. He offers it specifically, as in Atlantic Monthly -last April : “The Soviet challenge …. is a challenge to our basic attitudes in dealing with the underprivileged people of this World …. What is being reflected to a large part of the world by \(the arrogance, unconcern for others, support of colonialism, and recklessmilitarism ceed once again in identifying ourselves with anti-colonialism rather than colonialiSm; with peace rather than with .reckless use of our great power ; with genuine respeCt for the ‘national dignity of all peoples rather than with arrogance ; with consistency in word and action rather than with impulsiveneSs; and with a steadfast program dedicated to world economic growth and applied with a conscious effort to help each country achieve independence from economic colonialism and to’ assure its people greater opportunity.” He cut out $4.2 million in waste in New :York’s government and simultaneously expanded social services; his approved by 83 percent of the voters of New York. He is for such things as a national program of c o 11 e g e scholarships, higher minimum w age s, national health insurance. . But the party bosses and the South, as well as a residue of intellectuals Who think of Stevenson a little like they think of Innocence Lost, will probably deny, Harriman at Chicago. If they prefer unity to .victory, that is -their business. RONNIE DUGGER Wh o 3 /Smearing t \(