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AUSTIN Two-thirds of the senators with contested elections lost or were forced ‘into runoffs. Eleven representatives _ were defeated in the first primary, and there will be at least 53 new members in the lower house. Sen. Johnnie B. Rogers of Austin, who received a fee indirectly from a defunct insurance company ; Sen. Rogers. Kelley of Edinburg, whose law firm got a $4,800 fee from the-defunct U.S. Trust & Guaranty Co.; Sen. Kilmer Corbin of Lubbock, who received a $500 fee from U.S. Trust, were all defeated. tonio, who was not connected with the \( various fee-taking .revelations concerning senators, lost to Henry B. Gonzales, former city councilman in San Antonio, by a hair : 35,667 to 35, 385. Lattimer has asked a recount. Rogers ran third with 9,279 votes behind 29,953for Charles Herring and 12,815 for Mrs. Emma Long in Austin. Herring won with a 403 majority. Kelley lost to Hubert Hudson of Brownsville, 19,940 to 13,761. Kelley had been in the Senate 18 years. Corbin received only 8,791 votes, finishing third behind ex-Rep. Preston Sen. William Shireman of Corpus, who took $3,000 in cash from A. B: Shoemake of U.S. Trust, led into a . runoff with 13,652 votes over Bruce Rea g an’s 10,260. Ex-Rep. Curtis Ford got b 8,140 votes. In Fort Worth, incumbent -.Doyle Willis had 14,426 votes to Joe Pyle’s 9,765, but two other candidates’ votes left Willis 1,093 short of a majority and forced a runoff. Sen. Chick Kazen of Laredo led the Independent Club ticket into a solid victory over Reform Party forces there. Kazen had 15,555 votes to 9,668 for Reform Party candidate C. B. Dick. Rep. Floyd Bradshaw of Weatherford won over Herman Fitts, Mineral Wells attorney, 20,819 to 20,491, in the race to replace the lateWayne Wagonseller. Rep. Bill Wood of Tyler apparently defeated Rep. Grady 1 Rogers, Corbin, Kelley, Lattimer Out; Willis in Runoff; Youiv Beats Bell Hogue. of Athens, 28,844 to 20,612, had stock, went into receivership this for the seat vacated by the retireyear. rnent of Sen. Warren McDonald of Tyler. Culp Krueger of El .Campo won over Jack Fisk of Wharton in the election for the seat given up by Gus Strauss of ‘Hallettsville. , Also winning re-election over opposition .were _Sens. George Moffett Chillicothe and Grady Hazlewood of Amarillo. Without opposition, Sens. Neveille H. Colson, Navasota ; Jarra.rd Secrest, Temple ; William Fly, Vic toria, and ,Frank Owen III, El Paso, All other incumbents, were re , were returned. turned. Wright Patman of Texarkana Rep. ‘Doug Bergman was forced defeated Kenneth Simmons, 36,486 to into a runoff -in Dallas County. He 20,693. In District 3, Lindley Beckhas been connected with credit insurworth beat Peppy Blount, 37,592 to ance operations. A company headed 26,405, in spite of Blount’s vivid camby hi ‘law partner, and in which he paign against integration and Negro In congressional races, principal interest was aroused by the defeat of incumbent John J. Bell of Cuero, who took $28,000 in legal fees from block land deal promoters when a senator and was indicted for conspiracy to take $154,000 from the state fraudulently under… the vets’ land program. Judge John Young of Corpus beat him; 29,061 to 23,267. Four Senators Are Defeated Nueces and Jefferson counties in 1954 but lost.them Saturday: The vote for the front-runners in these counties \(complete except far Hidalgo County and a few votes in County Daniel Yarb. O’Daniel Bexar … Dallas … El Paso .. Galveston . Harris … Hidalgo .. Jefferson . Lubbock . McLennan Nueces .. Tarrant … Travis … 41,940 23,521 8,596 54,440 33,139 16,534 10,675 7,327 2,120 10,159 ‘ 12,404 2,814 58,443 44,776 16,113 5,044 2,976 1,142 20,192 17,747 2,147 9,368 5,182 3,309 10,518 8,500 5,485 12,436 11,438 4,698 11,748 11,364 4,573 14,756 9,502 4,626 votes. Congressmen Brooks, Dowdy, Rutherford, and Burleson were returned handily. Some races for sheriff were worthy of note. In Galveston, Frank Biaggne, under whose law enforcement Galveston “prostitution and gambling have flourished, trailed Paul Hopkins into a runoff by 2,500 votes. In ,Duval County, George Parr won his race for sheriff by about 100 votes \(a margin that was not settled until the Parr did not regain control of the Duval commissioners’ court. In Corpus Christi, SheriffOdem Dolan was forced ‘into a runoff with his former deputy, J. H. Mitchell. And there was one item which might provoke certain philosophical speculations. A. J. Williams, who died last May of gunshot wounds an inquest found to be self-inflicted, was elected sheriff of Calhoun ‘County over the incumbent, Leonard M. Fisher. Williams’s wife had asked that his name be considered, even though he was dead. RAMSEY v. AIKEN; WILSON v. MOORE The proposition against segregation carried, 766,892-223,634 \(77.4 to 22.6 and for interposition, 756,544 to 177,A Lull in the Storm AUSTIN . Election night at the Yarboroughs’ gracious West Austin home was a quiet,’ let-clown time. Mrs.’ Yarborough, or Opal, greeted the guests and ..suggested they have something to eat-some of the turkey or ham or spiced plums, some coffee or fruit punch. “Some of my neighbors got all this food ready last night, and it was here when I got here this morning,” she said. It was clear that had meant a lot to her. Yarborough was tired, but calm and not admitting discouragement. He watched the returns as much as the telephone would permit’him. He sat in his library, with the books lining the walls to the ceiling, sword, sheaths hung high on one wall. The radio volume was turned -up, and the television image, without the voice, was on. John Cofer sat in a corner with a yellow lined pad computing the votes. He would add up the Daniel-Haley-Senterfitt vote and compare it with the Yarborough-O’Daniel vote. First the . Daniel group had the edge ; then the Yarborough O’Daniel total was higher. ‘ Here and there someone would mention the money problem. That was the greatest depressant. Where would . the money come from now ? The telephone ,r a n g regularly. KTBC, Austin. “The rural boxes haven’t come in yet, and I expect my percentage will improve.” \(It did, Worth. “Who’s he?” \(A long talk ensued. Rev. Martin had some advice Dallas. “The people now have a clear cut choice between the Democratic Party and a representative of a decadent state administration and the Republicans.” 0. B. Lloyd of the UP came in for a statement. So did an AP reporter, along with a photographer. When the midnight figures were computed, Opal came up to Yarbor , ough’s side and said : “Well, what are the statistics, let’s get down to earth here.” He told her: Daniel 40.6 percent, Yarborough 28.7, O’Daniel perhaps 22. It was the telephone again. “I’m going to ‘the people; like I have for the last 51 months. I might sleep late tomorrow, but that’ will be my only va,-. cation until we win this race.” THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 5 August 1, 1956 Price and Ralph Eye Margin 2,263 to Yarborough’s 436, and Webb County, w .h.e r e incomplete . figures ‘gave him .3;234 votes to Yarborough’s Next to Price Daniel’s firm primary leadership in the governor’s race, Tom Moore’s strong showing against Will Wilson for attorney general dominates the state primary results. Moore spent about, one-twentieth as much as Wilson, according to the reports on file at the Secretary of State’s office, but he pulled down 36 percent of the votes-481,766–and barely prevented Wilson from winning without a runoff. Wilson, the former Supreme Court Justice from Dallas, had 49 percent of the vote, a total of 664,406. Ross Cadton, outspoken advocate of segregation, collected only 129,867 votes, only 50,000 more than the 79,473 that were received by Curtis Hill Of Dallas, who had withdrawn. Moore calls interposition “dangerous” and favors integration enforcement. Wilson upholds the supremacy of the federal over th’e state courts specifically on the integration issue. In the lieutenant governor’s race, AUSTIN Sen.. A. M. Aikin’s strong ‘ backing from the teachers helped earn ,him 382,724 votes, enough to force a runoff with the incumbent, Ben Ramsey, who had 654,780. Former Lt. Gov. ‘Jan Lee Smith had 220,849 and C. T. Johnson ofAustin had 151,035. Earl Rudder, the incumbent Land ‘CoMmissioner who was appointed by Gov. Allan Shivers to replace Bascom Giles, won his race against Judge. Ned Price of Tyler, 643,099 to 609,544. , Jesse James, incumbent state treasurer, _ defeated challenger Warren Harding of Dallas, 799,145 -to 526,713. Largest vote-getter in the state races was Agriculture Commissioner John White, whose 754,687 votes were 59 percent of those cast in his race. In other statewide, races, Martin Dies .defeated Bill Elkins for Congressman-at-large, 874,673 to 445,458; W. A. Morrison was re-elected to the Court of Criminal Appeals over Jesse Owens, 655;908 to 572,542; and James Norwell apparently was elected to the Supreme Court. over Robert Hughes, *613,619 to 605,512. . These . figures are based on T.E.B. reported froth 254. counties, ,237 of them complete. Of special. interest was the vote on the three racial’ issues.. The total vote 1,564. -., was . 990,526 on the issue of requiring In all, Daniel carried, about 142 …children to . attend’ integrated , schools ; Counties, O’Daniel 69, Yarborough 37, 981,748 on ‘Perfecting state , laws . Senterfitt two and Haley one, with against intermarriage; and 934,110 on three still ‘in doubt. \(Senterfitt won the use of interposition against “ilkhis home county, San Saba, as well as gal federal encroachment.” This’ indi-. Glasscock; Haley. won Loving -‘cated that some persons did not vote AUSTIN While it will-not be clear until the Saturday county conventions, and possibly not before the state convention Sept. 11 in Fort Worth, it appears now that loyalists won the precinct conventions and will control Demo IN EST TEXAS was solid cratic Party machinery, although the for Daniel except for a geographical margin is smaller than. they enjoyed cluster of five counties and six others in the presidential conventions. for Yarborough and a group of 19, At last report, loyalists carried plus five scattered, for O’Daniel. Travis, Harris, Bexar, McLennan, Daniel had the far west and the top Nueces, Jefferson, Lubbock, Hidalgd, and left of the Panhandle. and even Gregg County among the In East Texas, Yarborough carried major population centers, while the a cluster of eight counties in the far conservatives had to settle for Dallas east, a cluster of four in the northeast, and Tarrant. A dispute may develop and three others. Daniel carried a over any of these tyiban delegations, string of eight counties extending east especially Harris, Dallas, and Tarrant. from Dallas and eleven others in the Travis County went loyalist very area. O’Daniel carried two clusters of heavily-possibly two to one. -Bexar ten counties, one in the northeast. and County loyalists claimed a 62-17 preanother central east, plus two others. cinct margin. Harris had a tough Daniel also carried all counties to fight all the way ; loyalists reported the south and southwest except five winning 1,635 and conservatives 1,598 counties that went to Yarborough. votes \(with 1,622 needed for a county’ strongly, except for Travis County. crats also kept control of the county The “boss vote” went to Daniel in committee. the primary. He carried Duval County Loyalists also carried Orange, La-: , LOYALISTS ..WIN CONVENTIONS Mar, Howard, Kendall, Floyd, Zapata, Hopkins, Houston, Gonzales, Collin, .Hale, Limestone, -Wilson, Lavaca, Donley, Denton, Bowie, Brazos, Tom Green, Lee, Bee, Anderson, Montgomery, and Waller. Conservatives :carried Smith, Harrison, and Shackel z ford. Other returns are not in, . However, Presley Werlein, Jr., retained his Harris County chairmanship for the conservatives with a solid 57,418 vote over the liberals’ candidate, Dean Johnston, and W. 0. Cooper, the loyalist candidate for chairman in Dallas, lost to Ed Drake, Shivers leader, by about 17,000 votes. The incumbent Tarrant chairman, Tom Ward, was trailing an opponent at last report. Trueman O’Quinn defeated Creekmore Fath easily for the Travis chairmanShip. Jimmy Knight was reelected in San Antonio. George Sandlin, chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee, said that the conservatives “might” win the September convention, while Mrs. Kathleen Voigt,. di-. rector of organization for the Texas Democratic Party, claimed the’ loyalists have won resoundingly.