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Let those flatter who fear, it is not an American art. JEFFERSO’N geath r . is 4 t. SW% ot4 r Bartlett Appears Exclusively in The Texas Observer On a Criticism Mr Touts Mistrurr Incorporating The State Observer, eombined with The East Texas Oesnocrat AUGUST 1, 1956 Ronnie Duggef,’ Editor and General Manager Bob Bray, Associate Editor Sarah Payne, Office Manager Published once a week from Austin, Texasi. Delivered postage prepaid E4 per annum. Advertising rates available on request. Extra copies 10e each. Quantity orders available. Entered as second-class matter April 26, 1937, at the Post Office at Austin. Texas, under the act of March 3, 1879. We will serve no group or party but will hew hard to the truth as we find it and the right as we see it. We are dedicated to the whole truth, to human values abote all interests, to the rights of man as the foundation of democracy; we will take orders from none but our own conscience, and never will we overlook or misrepresent the truth to serve the interests of the Powerful or cater to the ignoble in the human spirit. Staff correspondents: Ramon Canes, Laredo; ‘Clyde Johnson, Corsicana ; Mike Mistovich, Bryan ; Jules Loh, Central Texas; Jack Morgan, Port Arthur; Dan Strewn, Kenedy ; and reporters in San Antonio, Dallas, El Paso, and Big Spring. Staff contributors: Franklin Jones, Marshall; Minnie FisherCunninghain, New Waverly; Robert G. Spivak. Washington, D.C. ; John Igo, San Antonio; Edwin Sue Gores, Burnet; .1. Henry Antonio; Edwin Sue Gores, Burnet; and others. Staff cartoonist: Don Bartlett, Austin. Cartoonists: Bob Eckhardt. Houston ; Ettir Hulme. Houston. MAILING ADDRESS : 504 West 24th St.. Austin, Texas. EDITORIAL AND BUSINESS OFFICE: 504 West 24th St., Austin. Texas. TELEPHONE in Attstin: GReenwood 7-0746. HOUSTON OFFICE: 2501 Crawford St., Houston, Mrs. 1. D. Randolph, treasurer. The prospect for Ralph Yarborough is not heartening -, but neither is it hopeless. Senator Torn Connally’s clecision, after the primary vote, to come to Texas and campaign for Yarborough the last week is a major event. and it could be .a deCisive one. The people know and revere Connally as they do very few Texans, past or present.He will be able to dramatize the issue of Price Daniel’S party’ disloyalty and \\\\rill bring to the Democrats’ campaign . -hi s own warmth and positiveness. Yarborough seems to have realized that he needs to , spend more time arousing his .own and O’Daniel’s . people to vote than trying to hammer down the Daniel vote. The -liberal cause suffered-most from apathy in the cities Saturday. A new, important -note entered the Yarbor-, ough campaign this week : “The Shivers Daniel team … have falsely charged that I was the candidate for out-of-state interests when they were the tools and mouthpieces of the big out-of-stateowned gas and oil exporting companics and the ,big foreign-owned oil importing companies. I represent the people_of Texas, the working peopleof TexaS, both *employers and employees. I champion the cause of the poor people with whom Price Daniel and Allan Shivers have never broken bread.” This fundamental truth, that Shivers and Daniel have protected out-of-state capital from fair taxation in TeXas all theSe years while concealing their handiwork behind a cardboard invasion of , northern labor leaders, is good to hear, corning from Yarborough. It is good to hear him say again ,that he is the working mat’s candidate, the candidate of poor folks,’ the candidate of all the people. By such . plain. but logical and straightforward talk will he take most of the O’Daniel vote, which, while. basically aligned with his candidacy now, will not_ be his by default, one may be sure. Then, too, this week Governor Shivers let slip his prudent gag on his obvious sympathy for Daniel -and put in a slug he seemed to think would help the ,junior senator. \(Just who was actually slugg,ed is hardly debatable; the Shivers slip can be explained only. by some irrepressible vanity that nothing, inThis, combined with the Haley revelation of the still-undenied secret Shivers-Daniel meeting at the Gov ernor’s Mansion, will-impress on the people more than ever the philosophical and political identity of the Shivers and the Daniel campaigns. \(Daniel denied “a midnight meeting,” but he carefully avoided denying the occurrence of the meeting, itself. If it was-not at midnight, what was the time ? What was discusSed, and what was agreed ? The people are entitled to more candor than Daniel has granted them on 4It is disheartening, year after_ year, to see the good ideas, the -humane ideals go begging for .adequate financing in the public consideration; to see a good and worthy man fight on a shoestring against the combination of the big money and the big newspapers which are clamoring for Daniel now just as they did for Shivers. It has been especially incredible to hear Dariiel in. the same breath claim that his Campaign is “high level” ‘and them smear labor, Negroes, and Yarborough with his own peculiarly bland kind of ruthlessness -. The theme was really overplayed, became a spectacle for posterity, when ShiversShivers of the Port Ai- , thur fiction, Shivers of the unlimited Capacity for innuendo about the loyalty and dignity of anyone who Opposes himcommended Daniel . for his “high level.” This is very, very high leVel doubletalk. . Defeatism was rampant at first in the ancient two-story house in Austin where the Yarborough people work, but as the week wore on, Yarborough’s courage, Connally’s decision, the likelihood that O’Daniel’s votes will go to Yarborough; and the scorn Haley and Senterfitt still feel for Daniel braced the campaigners for a back-to-the-wall fight. _There were, after all, some unalloyed sweets in the returns thedefeat of fee-taking senators and Congressman John Bell, the emergence of Tom Moore as a personality and a political force of enormous Magnetism and integrity, the pitiful showing of the only . racist rimming for attorney general, the “Nay” . from one out of five voters against the race-baiting propositions, even in their loaded forms. Ideals, such as the ideals of liberL alisin, are not affected by a setback, and people Who do what they believe are not easily turned aside. In a clear contest between the people’s welfare and the agents of wealth, privilege, a n d propaganda, the cause sustains, one’s hope persists. AUSTIN It is an accomplishment of sorts to be roasted simultaneougly on the spits of the Dallas News and the Houston Informer. In a flush of modesty, however, we shall refrain ‘from being complimented. The occasion was an editorial asser tion’ an this page that in spite of his doubletalk against “forced integra excor iated ion,”for which the Observer him, Ralph Yarborough is the nearest thing toN friend the Negroes have in the governor’s race. The News reprinted the editorial for Machiavellian reasons, but Carter Wesley replied in the informer : “The editor of The Texas Observer has no children to be deprived of their educational freedom by his voting for a candidate for governor who is committed to continue discrimination against his children.” I have a son. Segregation denies him . the freedom to have Negro friends at school. Wesley continues: “His interest. is merely ‘academic. But over 900,000 Negroes do. have children, who will bethe victims of continuing segregation ing the public ‘schools.” The suffering of a race cannot belong to a man of another race, but the suffering of one man, whatever his race, belongs to every ‘Man who cares about him. If , brotherhood is not racial, then suffering-is not racial, but is forever human. We ‘hope that Wesley’s faith in his fellow men is not so weak that he thinks anguish is racial instead of human; that he doesn’t hold it against white men that they are not Negroes. He asks : “Even our best friend can’t voluntarily kick our children in the teeth, and expect us to Vote for hi.M. Now what does the editor of the Observer think of that?” We think of that, that Ralph Yarborough would never kick a child in the teeth, and that Carter Wesley needs to remember it; that it is right and good_ that Negroes should do what they think best to their strength for their rights ; but that Negroes are also brothers in a larger human struggle, and that the community of liberalism will suffer and suffer badly as long any . group within it works only for the issue most painfully affecting itself. RONNIE DUGGER By Countryside . and Town NEW WAVERLY The Progressive Farmer \(which is August number gives a set of figures Which should set Ezry back on hisheels. They go like this : “On only ten percent more acreage, ten million fewer farm people are pro_clueing bountifully for 70 million more people than in 1910.” Then the editor says : “Any . other class in America showing similar efficiency would have been rewarded with a bountiful prosperity. Why shouldn’t farm folk. be similarly rewarded instead o f penalized ? A farmer does his best to produce all he can. In fact if he is being squeezed between low prices and high costs he has to do his best to stay in business.” Ah! ’tis a hard life mates, what with drouth, and grasshoppers and Benson and the high price of fencing and the low price for the cows behind the fences. One wonders why I like it so well ? Is it the birdsong as the eastern sky turns a pale rose at five a.m.? Is it the taste of a cantaloupe and a tomato ripened on their own vibes and not plucked green and preserved in formaldehyde? Is it the stately parade of John’s twenty handsome white geese as they gri down to the lake toswim?