LIGHT! MC CULLOCH Light weight, easy handling, and high-speed cutting make this McCulloch Super 38 a favorite of professional cutters. Weighs just 22 lb complete. Blades available up to .26 inches long, -also high-speed plunge bows, 15-inch capacity. NOW AVAILASIA ON EASY TER/Ail Pay for your saw with the money it earns. See w’ for easy-pay plan. `We guarantee and service what we sell” Central Texas Equipment Co. AUSTIN, TEXAS “Stop Woods Fires” “” pRiNTERr’REPUES’ -4 Vi a_ *AQUSTINf . David Gannaway, Austin printer and co-defendant with Lt. Gov. Ben Ramsey and Brown & Root, Inc., in a $65,000 damage suit filed by C. T. Johnson, has denied his firm received over $12,000 from Brown & Root for printing Ramsey campaign literature last election. Gannaway’s denial came in the’ form of a long series of “No” answers to_interrogatories propounded to him in an ex parte deposition last week. Johnson’s suit asks damages and gal fees because.of alleged unreported campaign expenditures under the State Election Code provision which allows a candidate to sue his opponents for double the amount of expenditures not reported. While Gannaway bluntly denied the interrogatories, the questions gave some hint on public record for the first time of the basis on which the plaintiffs brought the suit; Johnson and his representatives tried to get Gannaway to give an affidavit or sign a statement concerning the case. In interrogatory number three, Gannaway was asked.: “It is true, is it not, that in June and July, 1954, Gannaway Printing Company, Austin, printed approximately 250,000 pieces of literature in behalf of Ben Ramsey’s campair …” AUSTIN The voters leaned back and watched some of the rawest namecalling in recent Texas political history , the last week before the convention showdowns. Governor Shivers called Senator Johnson “vicious, vain, and ambitious”; said “cruel and vicious” pressures were being applied by Johnson and Speaker Rayburn ;. charged Johnson’s Senate seat had been “stolen” in 1948 in Jim Wells County; and wound .tip by deciding that, though he had suggested Johnson for president before, he now thinks Johnson is not fit to be Texas delegation leader or president. Senator Johnson called Shivers a Little Ldrd Fauntleroy with no place to go ; said the Governor’s campaign had been marked by “intimidation and villification which has no parallel”; charged him with “hypocrisy of The rank* order” in opposing federal aid and seeking it at the same time ; and said that Shivers’s “warped mind” favored the senator for president but not favorite son. Johnson, under pressure from Shivers on various issues, said Shivers knew he was “against forced integration” and challenged Shivers to call a special session on interposition. Johnson said he got the natural gas bill passed for Texas but Shivers’s candidate for presidentEisenhowervetoed it. Johnson said if Shivers would spend half as much time correcting states’ wrongs as “ranting about states’ rights,” the crooks would have been driven out of the temple in Austin. He called the Shivers regime “the most corrupt administration in Texas history” and said Shivers owes the people an accounting for the veterans and insurance scandals. Shivers said the .corruOon charge sounded strange coming from Johnson in light of Johnson’s 87-vote margin out of almost a million votes cast in his 1948 senatorial race against Coke Stevenson. A late announced recount in Jim Wells Precinct 13 gave Johnson the margin over Stevenson in the election after returns that had been presumed to have been final indicated Stevenson was elected. Shivers assured Johnson “t h a t George Parr will not be counting the votes at the Texas state convention.” Johnson had asked Shivers to explain the suicide attempt of A. B. , Shoemake, president of U.S. Trust & Guaranty Co. “If he wants to know about a suicide, let me call one to his mind,” said Shivers, continuing: His answer : “I can’t Femember.” Interrogatory four : “It is true, is it not, that for printing the literature inquired about in the preceding interrogatory, Gannaway Printing Company received a sum of money of more than $12,000 ?” Answer: “No.” Interrogatory five : “It is true; is it not, that sometime in June, 1954, a man whose name you do .not recall, but who represented himself to have some connection with BroWn & Root, Inc., came to the office of Gannaway Printing Company in Austin and gave you an order for the printing of campaign literature in behalf of Ben RamSey’s campaign for the Democratic nomination ?” Answer : “No.” Interrogatory six : “It is true, is it not, that the man who ordered the printing told you that ‘they’ wanted this to be a cash transaction and that they did not want any records of invokes on the matter?” Answer : “No?’ Interrogatory seven : “It is true, is it -not, that the man who ordered the printing gave you a key to a safety deposit lock _box at the Fidelity State The Precinct Campaign Leaves Many Scars When Sam Smithwick killed a man in cold blood and went to the pen as one of the lieutenants of the Parr machine, he wrote a letter to Coke Stevenson and said, “If you’ll send someone to see me, I’ll tell you about those votes down in Jim Wells County.” Shivers then asked Johnson why Smithwick died “before he could tell his story.” Smithwick’s death was listed as a suicide. Johnson said Parr was supporting Shivers in 1946 and that when John, son was elected to the Senate in 1948, Shivers got more votes in Duval County than Johnson did. He said Parr was being brought into the campaign by “little men.” Shivers pressed on, declaring that Sam Rayburn introduced Parr as a great Democrat from the speaker’s platform in the 1948 state convention. J OHNSON said Shivers is trying to destroy the Democratic Party in Texas and v kould return from Chicago and cam pai gn for Eisenhower if he were given the chance. He said Shivers made “a big deal with a big wheel” during his secret meeting at Woodville April 14 with U.S. Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell. Johnson slammed the press for not playing up the meeting. He asked reporters in Houston : Why ..;hould a Republican go to a Democratic convention to begin with? Nor did Johnson let slip his power advantage over the Governor. “I’ve been on the firing line, Allan, and I’ll be there four years after you’ve retired,” he said in Houston. Farmers, ranchers, working men, oil and gas producers, and businessmen would have to depend upon “a retired governor to pass the laws so essential to our prosperity” if Shivers won, he said. “The Texas congressional -leadership will be gone” in that event, he said. S HIVERS told Houston followers that the NAACP “controls” 17 percent of the precincts in Harris County. He said that “my mission” had been to keep the Democratic Party out of the hands of the NAACP, CIO, and other Northern pressure groups. He added: The main issue in this fight is interposition on the issue of segregation or integration in the public schools. Earlier in the week he charged that the UAW-CIO in Detroit had sent $1,000, the Texas Federation of Labor $500, and the American GI Forum $200 to the Rio Grande Valley Democratic Club. Austin, and told you there was $25,000 in currency in that box in $100 bills, and that whenever you needed money to apply on the printing, order, you were authorized to go to the bank, and take therefrom the sum of’ money needed to apply on the printing order ?” Answer: “No.” , QUESTIONS NUMBER eight and nine were _Whether Gannaway actually did withdraw $12,000 from the safety deposit box and whether the printing done for Ramsey was worth that much. Gannaway answered negatively to both. Interrogatory ten asked whether it was true that Gannaway delivered some of the campaign literature, personally. Garinaway answered, “Na, I do not do any delivering myself.” The next f our questions were whether Gannaway had seen Ramsey when he delivered printing ; -whether he had been told to give the safety deposit box key to Mrs. Virginia Black so she could get money in payment for printing and duplicating work for Ramsey’s campaign ; whether he actually gave the key to Mrs. Black ; and Jerry Holleman of the Federation replied that Shivers was incorrect that the Federation had contributed $1000and thatthe purpose was a drive to increase poll tax payment’s in the Valley. ,Holleman said organized labor in Port Arthur and Jefferson County paid Shivers’s filing f ee for lieutenant governor—“We … apologize … for foisting this demagogue and his political machine upon the people,” Hollemansaidand Shivers replied that the charge was not true. ‘ Shivers said Johnson is “front man” for “the same old radical gang,” among whom he numbered “the extremists,” . “the Washington crowd,” “the labor union bosses and lobbyists,” the NAACP, and “party hacks.’ 3 The choice is clear-cut. There is no middle ground. There is the Texas side and there is the Washington side. He recalled Johnson was Texas delegation chairman’ in 1940 when the convention “ditched poor old John Nance Garner” and ended up with. Henry Wallace for vice-president. He suggested something similar might happen this year. SPEAKER RAYBURN had also brought his cannon into play the night before the decision. He hit Shivers’s “vicious, inane, and insane attacks” against -him, said the Governor’s statement that he loved his party more than the country was a “scurrilous falsehood,” and said there “can be no compromise between .me and a man who says I am a dictator.” Of the state scandals, Rayburn said: Shivers is going around talking about a two-thirds rule at the national. convention. He had a two-thirds rule in the land board and look what happened. Look what happened with the insurance board he appointed. They let companies go broke and stay broke for a year and didn’t even notify the policyholders what had happened. And, asked Rayburn of his Fort Worth audience: How many of you have ever made a phony investment of $25,000 in a land deal and then a few months later collected $450,000? Former Gov. Coke Stevenson took Shivers’s side, mostly with pointed references in a radio talk to Johnson’s 87-vote victory over him by virtue of a late recount in Precinct 13 in Jim Wells County in 1948. Gerald Mann, former state attorney general, accused Shivers of waging a “despicable, vile, mean campaign” against Rayburn “to cover up the most disgraceful, dishonorable, and shameful two years in our state’s history.” THE TEXAS OBS1RVER Page 5 May 9, 1956 upon the “first occaslorr you opened the box” it appeared to contain $25,000. Gannaway answered, ‘`No,” to each query. ‘ Interrogatory fifteen recited a statement in the legal form of an affidavit which stated ‘that a man gave Gannaway a key to a bank box containing money for printing and capitulated subject matter in the earlier questions. Gannaway answered, .”No,” to a question about whether the statement was correct. THE NEXT SERIES of questions inquired whether four persons, attorneys William Yelderrnan, Houston Clinton, Notary Public E. B. Fuller, and Mrs. Bettye J. Beyer, in addition to Johnson, had approached Gannaway at various times to sign a statement concerning Ramsey printing, Gannaway affirmed that several people had approached him on the matter but denied that he had told or signified to any of them that the statement they sought to have him sign was true. Interrogatory thirty : “If you have answered that the statement quoted in interrogatory 15 is not correct, point out in your answer to this interrogatory what parts of such statement are not correct.” Ans’wer: “It would haVe to be practically rewritten.” . The final question was : “State now, in your own words, the transactions Gannaway Printing Company had in June and July 1954 in connection with printing of campaign literature for Ben Ramsey. Give all, the details you desire.” The deposition records Gannaway’s_ answer in this manner : “It would take time to check the records on any printing -that may have been done for Mr. Ramsey and just that’s all.” A notation on the envelope shows that the description was operfed at the request Of attorney Everett Looney on April 30 at 4:30 p.m. Lt. Gov. Ramsey was not available for comment on the matter. A spokesman for Brown & Root, Inc., in Houston, branded the Johnson suit “utterly ridiculous.” , He said, “Brown & Root knows the law as well as anyone else and didn’t contributes one penny to the Ramsey campaign.” Some Virulent Name-calling
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