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against Texas “Democratic grain pro 7’w4 clueing.’ farmers.” He said at Kerens that the biggest scandal in the state is “the way We treat our cold age pensioners.’.’ “Other state humanitarian services” have failed to grow during the last ten years, he-said. Reuben Senterfitt said Texans don’t want “any more mudslinging and charater smearing” and said he wants a convention to revamp the Texas Constitution. Jimmy Phillips told the Chamber of Commerce at Arcadia that a -favorable Texas .climate for industry and a water program are needed. C. T. Johnson, who ran againSt Ben Ramsey for lieutenant governor last year, announced he has given the Attorney General “substantial in fOrmaAim” that the non-profit Texas Press Association has “violated its charter provisions and powers by actively engaging in business as an advertising agency.” \(The T.P.A. charter. says_it “shall have no ‘capital .stock, will declare no profits, is without property, and will not engage in business of any political plans by March 1. tides Jim Fancy, representative from HOuston, announced he is seeking the House spealcership in 1959-’60. So is Rep.Barefoot Sanders . of Dallas. -S_taitcy said he has the backing of all Harris County House members. Speculation blossomed on whether ‘Shivers will run for re-election if Daniel doesn’t announce or seek Daniel’s Senate seat if Daniel comes into the governor’s race and wins the Democratic nomination. Cause : Shivers shifted politiCal adviser Weldon Hart from his job as Texas Employ ment Commission head back to his personal staff. \(Hart’s’ successor as public representative on the commission is Perry Brown, Beaumont buildA release .from Yarborough’s office said his “potential candidacy for governor took a step nearer actuality” when he announced that Roger Daily Of Houston has been appointed Yarborough’s statewide director of Organganization. Daily, an oil and gas attorney, was vice chairman of the Harris County Democrats until he accepted the appointment. lig is a -member of the Houston Jaycees. Opposition .hopes that Shivers will seek re-election were expressed in “Behind the Scenes,’ a column sent from Texas AFL to Texas labor newspapers, “Shivers -should. run again.,” it said. “Only in that way can SUBSCRIBE or . RENEW to THE TEXAS OBSERVER . For the Truth About Texas and a Glimpse at Its Future One Year-52 Issues`-416 Pages 1,664 columnsOnly $4 Narae and Address : Mail to The Texas Observer 504 W. 24, Austin, Texas \(This week the Observer inaugur”fes “The Political Week,” a report on key.political events not reported elsewhere in the Observer. Its format will be flexible to .accomodate the AusTIN Con ventions George Sandlin, chairman of the pro-Shivers State Democratic Executive Committee, took on loyalists’and labor in a single statement about the May conventions last week and was landed on by two loyalist leaders and two labor spokesmen the next day. Ultraliberal forces are planning a contesting .delegation if the conservatives win the May presidential conventions, Siandlin said. Four out-of-state labor union organizers haVe come into :Texas already and are mobilizing the labor and liberal groups, he charged. .–Conservatives offered a “no contest” agreement whereby the side with the Majority would go to the national convention, but it. had not been accepted,. he said. The executive committee is working on getting the conservative AUSTIN The Texas Citizens’ Councils:complained bitterly of opposition they are getting from church officials and Texas Negro leaders mapped a legal cariipaign for integration on *mai, fronts last week. Dr. B. E. Masters of Kilgore, the principal organizer of the councils in Texas, said preachers in high positions are “the biggest enemies we have” and “are teaching our children different from what vve.are. In nearly all of our churches our children are .getting literature telling how to inte, grate.” Associated Press reported from a Waco =meeting of the councilS that Masters was interrupted when a male delegate rose and said : 7″We can’t keep our kids in Sunday school as long as they are teaching that. I’m taking mine out and I won’t let her go hack.” Ross Carlton, president of the Texas Councils; said an -assistant biShop recently warned him against “hasty action … to defy the .law” and that he, Carlton, took the clergyman “to task,” telling him : “I don’t attempt to do any preaChing and I don’t expect him to practice law.” Practically all Texas church conventions have expressed agreement or assent of varying degreesto the Su’preme .Court ruling for school integration. Most recent statement from a Texas church leader came two weeks ago. The Rt. Rev. John E. Hines, the Bishop of Texas of the Episcopal Church, addressed the 1.07th annual council of the Texas Episcopal Diocese recently on organizations to preserve segregation in the schools. Said Bishop Hines: “A year ago, the 106th: Annual Council went on record as standing behind the decision of the Supreme Court of this land to outlaw segregation in the public schools. It wasand isa monumental -decision which, however controversial, came to grips realistically with-this acute problem in our democratic order. “Since that time the implementation of the decision has sharpened . sensitivities and heightened racial tensions in -many areasas always happens when the majesty of the law is pitted -against the long-prevailing mores of a community. In some places groups of citizens have banded together for the purpose of nullifying the effect of the Supreme Court’s ruling in their own localities.. Some states have signified their intentions, through their administrations, or the ballot box, to circum voters to the May conventions, he . added. From San Antonio, Byron Skelton of Templechairman of the loyalist Democratic Advisory Counciland -Torn Moore, chairman of,the executive committee of D.A.C. condemned what they called Sandlin’s “wild distortions and fabricationS” and “false, wild charges,”‘ attributing them to ,”the bia b upsurge in’ Democratic poll, taxes” and “the realization that the real Democrats of Texas will win the May conventions.” have of retaining control is to illegally deprive honestly and legally-elected, delegations of Democrats” at the state convention through the executive committee’s control of the credentials committee, the D.A.C. leaders said. “The Shivers machine” “barred legal delegations f r o in the Democratic are planning to do it agaili, they charged. Equally cutting was the reaction from Jerry Holleman, executive secretary of-the Texas State Federation of Labor, and Fred Schmidt, executive Negro Leaders-Plan Push; Kerrville Integrates vent that decision. I would feel recreant in my responsibility as Bishop of this Diocese if I did not caution communicants of this .Church to weigh carefully the implications of a commitment to such Citizens groups with the avowed purpose of defying the ., law of the land. Any strategy adopted by such concerned groups must square with the Christian doctrine of God and Man or do violence to the faith which our church people profess.” MEANWHILE, t h e ‘National’ Association for the Advancement of Colored People held a . highlevel Texas strategy meeting in Austin and planned what U. Simpson Tate, southwest regional attorney for the group, called “a vigorous legal pro -gram throughout the statethe Goliernor -and Attorney General notwith-, standing.” Principal points in the program: Racial integration in. public schools; –with emphasis on the elementary and secondary levels; integration in. “all municipal parks, playgrounds, swimming pools, golf courses, and the .like” and in “all state-owned and operated public parks; including hotels, restaurants, swimming pools, golf courses, lakes, reservations, and other accomodations”; elimination of color lines in public transportation and transportation stations ; and . integrated public health facilities. “We’re not asking any state officials to help us,” Tate said. “1,Ve’NA been getting along without their help for 50 years.” AT WACO last week it was rerealed that Sen. James 0. Eastland of Mississippi will speak at .the next statewide meeting of the Citizen? Councils in Fort Worth March 16. The meeting voted to ask Gov. Shivers to call a special session to adopt the interposition doctrine against irate= gration. They approved a resolution providing Supreme Court justices .could be impeached by procedure now applicable to the president, that the justices be required to have. ten years previous service as appellate judges, and that no more than five members of one political party be on the court at the . sametime. They also expressed opposition to federal aid to education. Shivers, meanwhile, sent a resolution for segregation adopted by the THE TEXAS OBSERVER Page 5 February 15, 1956 Virginia Legislature to his Texas Advisory Committee on segregation in the public schools. He said “will be of great assistance” to them and suggested they might wish to continue further study on how the resolution might apply “to.other fields involving the same legalistic and political philosophy.” Reuben Senterfitt, an announced candidate for governor, asked the Texas congressional delegation to fight for -segregation in Congress as they did for state ownership of tidelands. On the local level, the Board of Education of the Kerrville Independent School District adopted a three-Step plan_to integrate Negroes in the white schools by 1958-’59. Neggo, students in grades one throughi -six..will enter the white school next September. Negro students in higher grades will be permitted to take one course a. day at the white school \(courses_ being available there which In September, 1957-58, Negroes in the eighth and ninthgrades will enter the white junior. high; and the high school grads will be, integrated in 1958-’59. About three score Texas school districts have taken steps toward integration, but they are all in West, South, and Central Texas. Excel -A for apparent integration plans for 1956 integra7 tion in Houston and . Galveston, East Texas school districts have giVen no indication of any intentions toward integration. At Denton, the first Negro undergraduate student at North Texas State College was accepted without a stir, as has been. the case in other institutions of higher learning in: Texas, THE POLITICAL WEEK Tempers High, Tides Strong secretary of the Texas State CIO Council : “The Shivercrats once -again are trying to make a campaign issue out of organized labor with vague, unfounded, untruthful, and misleading charges …. No out of state organizers for national labor unions have come into Texas to carry on organizational work for the conventions.” They said the charge was “an attempt to evade the real issues of …. the insurance and land scandals which have made the Shiyers administration a national disgrace.” f Speeches Gbv. Shivers said in Sari Angelo that the Insurance Commission, in stead of being attacked for closing insurance companies with questionable financial standings, “should be commended.” Ralph Yarborough went to Whitney, called for 90 percent fixed price crop supports; and blamed the Eisenhower administration for favoritism to “Midwestern Republican farmers” and “d eliber ate discrimination” Church Opposition Irks Council Leaders