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From Feldman Collection, Texas Paihters GULF SHORE, John Guerin, Austin , 77 .7 .7.7 ‘a 17 4 lb * ‘7 4 1 OLD SALADO SALADO \(Down in a hollow on the road between Austin and. Waco you cone across a little frontier town, Salado, with an old inn with wonderful food, hewed-brick buildings, a creek, an ineffable air of the early and the rustic. They’re building a bypass on Highway 81 now, and we thought it would be good if a native, Mrs. Florence Allarnan, who runs a good cafe there; put down the story of Salado while you yet have cause to `. The clanking wheels of old waterpowered flour mills on.Salado creek are stilled ; no longer .do guests at the Stage Coach Inn listen for pounding hoofs of running stage coach horses or the thundering roar of big cattle herds corning up . the Old Chisholm Trail. Only the crun blink’ wells of Old Salado College remain to proclaim that Salado was once one of the foremost frontier towns of Texas and a pioneer in education. Salado is on Highway 81 about midway. betWeen Waco and Austin. It dates its calendar from the 1850’s. Before then it was a favorite camping place for Indians because of the bountiful water supply and the sedge grass covering the surrounding prairies. It is near the center of Bell County, part of a land grant from the Mexican’ Government to contractor \(or “em1824 or 1825. In 1848 the U.S. Army opened a military road through the state. This road was a part of the main road from Memphis and St. Louis to Austin, San Antonio, and on into Old Mexico. The all other travel passed this way, “by Waco Village to Georgetown via Belton, Salado and Prairie Dell.” In 1850 about fifty families had settled up and down Salado Creek,. but the next year there were only two cabins where the present town of Salado stands. They belonged to Archibald Willingham and his two sons and to a single man. Pioneers continued to arrive from other places and soon there were several families there. ALL OF THESE people who were located up and down , the creek soon felt the need of schools arkl churches for their families. At a meeting held under a brush arbor at Salado Springs on October 8, 1859, Col. Robertson donated 100 acres of -land for a college site. The charter’ called for $5,000 of stock. At this meeting about 45 men took one or more shares of stock, and the college was born. In 14860, the Legislature passed an act incorporating Salado College for 20 years. ,Within a few months after’ the tent meeting, more families had moved near where the new school was to be. The school opened February 20, 1860, in a temporary wooden building with about 75 students attending. The Rev. Levi. Tenny was the first teacher. Later the same year, .a twostory building was built of native Stone on the brow of the hill overlooking the town. Jusrafter the close of the Civil War the college boasted an’ average .atten& ance of 250 for several years. Attend ance often reached more than 300. Families from all over Texas moved to Salado to educate their children. Many bought land and built homes. Since no dormitories were ever built residents opened .their homes to nonresident students. The school was co-educational, a rarity in thOse days, and never had one cent of endowment. It was supported solely by tuition paid by the students. Many noted Texans were educated there, among them two governors of Texas, James E. _Ferguson and his wife, Miriam A. Ferguson. The college was destroyed by fire three times. After the last fire, in 1924, it was never rebuilt. THE INFLUX of pioneers and their families gave birth to new needs each day. The Methodists, Bap fsts, and Presbyterians were all worshipping together in the college building. About 1884, the Rev. Abe Mulkey held a revival Meeting, and as a result of the conversions, four churches were built. All four churches the Methodist, Baptist, Church of Christ, and Primitive Baptistare still standing and are occupied by their respective denominations. The bells from the beltrys of the MethodiSt and Baptist still call the populace to worship on . Sunday morning. The Stage Coach Inn is a symbol of pioneer ‘days, open fires, and good food for weary travelers. It has been in almost continuous operation since it was’ built in 1859. Many famous” travelers have rested and refreshed themselves there. The first bridge built in Bell County was a foot bridge over Salado Creek. In 1868 money was raised by bond issue for the material. The citizens of Salado bought these bonds, thereby raising $2500 for. the -project. To quote Geo. W. Tyler in his History of Bell Cou -nty: “Two large galvanized rope-wire cables, anchored at each end in strthigly-built stone abutments, were carried over two double turreted towers or dressed stone piers. From ,these suspended cables wire cords extended down to catch and support the ends of the sawed cedar cross bars, or joists, on which the plank floor, was laid. It was one of the first, probably the first of its kind in the Southwest and was designed, engineered, and constructed entirely by homer talent. “It swung 20 feet above the water and it could be made to sway enough from side to side to frighten timid soulsespecially groups of squealing girls when mischievous boys chose this method of teasing them. It served the people well for more than 30 years.” It was finally swept away after a cloudburst in 1913. SALADO is also on the Old Chisholm Trail. In 1%5 a railroad was extended from St. Louis to Abilene, Kansas, thus affording a market for Texas cattle. The cattle drives on the Old Chisholm Trail _began in extreme South Texas and Old Mexico and merged into one large drive of thousands of cattle at San Antonio, and, gathering cattle and cowboys as it came up the trail, passed through Austin, Georgetown; Salado, Waco, and on to the Red RiVer near Gainesville to Abilene, Kansas. The people of Salado erected barricades around the springs to protect their drinking water. After quenching their thirst from the dusty trail the cattle bedded down in the lush sedge grass on the nearby prairies. Many of the first homes erected in Salado still stand. Many-of them are occupied by descendants of the first settlers. Salado is proud of its modern consolidated school system, its four churChes, its civic organizations; proud of its history and its traditions. MRS. FLORENCE ALLA M ANT LEGAL ADVERTISEMENTS NOTICE OF INCORPORATION Notice is hereby given of the intention to in.. corporate a firm with offices in Corpus Christi, Texas, under the name of Jack Shackelford Decorator, Inc.” TO THE CREDITORS OF ESTATE OF S. M. LEE, SR.: Notice is given ‘that letters test,ameistay upon estate of S. M. Lee, Sr., deceased, were granted us November 28, 1955; by County Court of Travis County. All persons having claims against said estate should present same hi time prescribed by law; our’ residences and post office addresses in Austin, Texas, being as follows : VERNON BYRON LEE 7015 Burnet Road JESSIE M. LEE 301 North Loop Independent Executors of Estate of S. M. Lee, Sr. NOTICE TO CREDITORS OF ESTATE OF WILLIAM, F. PEALE, DECEASED: Notice is hereby given’ that original Letters. Testamentary upon the Estate of William F Peale, Deceased, were issued to the undersigned on the 29th day of September, 1955, by the County Clerk of Travis County, Texas. All persons having claims against said estate are hereby required to present the same to us, or either of qs, within the time prescribed by law. Our residence ‘is 1808 Travis Heights Blvd., Austin, Texas, and our post office address is c-o William A. Brown, 702 Brown Bldg., Austin, Texas. ALLICE ETHEL PEALE ‘WILLIAM FULTON PEALE, JR. Indenendent .Ekecutors of the Estate of William F. Peale, Deceased NOTICE OF INTENTION TO INCORPORATE A FIRM WITHOUT CHANGE ‘OF FIRM NAME To. WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: Notice is hereby given’ that William L. Nelson, doing business under the firm name of Dwight TV Sales & Service Company, intends to incor< porate such firm immediately under the firm name of Dwight TV Sales & Service Corporation, located at 724 Dwight Avenue. South San Antonio, Texas. Signed this 8th day of December. A. D., 1955. DWIGHT TV SALES & SERVICE CO. By : WILLIAM L. NELSON, Owner NOTICE OF INTENTION To Incorporate a Firm Without Substantial Change of Firm Name _7'0 WHOM IT MAY CONCERN : Notice is hereby given that ESTIL FOSTER, doing business under the firm name of South Texas Music Co., intends to incorporate such firm immediately under the firm 1 name of South Texas Music Co., Inc. Signed this 2nd day of December. 1955. SOUTH TEXAS MUSIC 00. By ESTIL FOSTER SHERIFFS SALE BY VIRTUE of a certain Order of Sale, issued by the Clerk of the 98th District Court of Travis County, Texas, on the 12th day of December, 1955, in a certain Cause No. 102.661, wherein Western Republic Life Insurance ,Company, is Plaintiff and 011ie Edmotdson and wife, Augusta Edmondson, are Defendants, in favor of the said Plaintiff for the sum of Three Thousand Three Hundred Sixty-five and 14-100 . \($3,365.141. Dollars, with interest thereon' atthe rate of 6 per cent= per annum from the 21st day of October, 1955, together with all costs of suit, that being the amount of a judgment recovered by the said Plaintiff, in the 98th District Court of Travis County, oa the 2 1st dv of November, 1955. 1, oh the 13th day of December, 1955, at 4 :55 o'clock P.M. -have levied uPon. and will, on the 7th day of February 1956; that being the first Tuesday in -said month, at the Court House door in the City of Austin, within legal hours, proceed to sell for cash. to the highest bidder, all the right, title and interest of 011ie Edmondson and wife, Augusta Edmondson, as the same existed on the '7th day of July, 1954, and at all subsequent dates existed and still exists, in and to the following described property, levied upon as the property of Defendants. to-wit: Outlot No. 45, in Division "B", of the City of Austin, Texas, together with all improvements thereon ; and being the same property which is described in deed from Ernest Best, Sheriff of. Travis County, Texas, to the Calcasieu Lumber Company, dated August 2, 1950, and recorded in Book 1079, at Pages 474-475, of the Deed Reccirds of Travis County, Texas, and being the same lien described in a certain instrument now of record in the office of the County Clerk of Travis County, Texas, in Volume 1473, Pages 383-a85, of the Deed Records of such county to which deeds and the records thereof reference is here made. THE ABOVE SALE TO BE MADE BY ME, to satisfy the above described judgment for $3.365.14 in favor of the said Plaintiff, together with the costs of said suit, and the proceeds applied to the satisfaction thereof. T. 0. LANG, Sheriff, Travis County, Texas By HENRY, KLUGE, Deputy' Austin, Texas, December 19, 1955. The Texas Observer Page 7 Jam 4, 1956 About 1853 Col. E. S. C. Robert9on, , son of the "empresario," moved his family up from Austin to the springs, where he -owned several leagues of land. He bought the Willingham cabin and' a short while later built the 24room mansion that can still be seen southwest of the town on Highway 81.. It is colonial architecture ; slave quarters and family burial plot are near the house.