FORTY YEARS AUSTIN Southwest Review is now forty years old. Its anniversary edition carries sweet-reading essays on the struggles for -a special kind of cause, essays that let one share the immediate daily effort, disappointment, and rewards. The southwestern literary quarterly began as The Texas. Review, a University of Texas magazine, and was later taken over by Southern Methodist. Stark Young was the first editor, and although he did not stay long, his first essay cast in a subtle mind, asserting mainly that the Review would not be “reeking of the soil” with the burlesqued kind of regional tenacitysuggested some of the charm of. Texas shadows our bright fowl flocked east fly past: find many Texas people hearty and busily rolling their tubs, like Digenes, in imitation of the .national bustle and stir. . . . I find cultivated people contemplating, or studying softly, or sniffing at life, as is the case elsewhere. The East of Texas is like Mississippi and Ohio and Middle France; the -South is like _Louisiana and Trieste ; Austin is violet and open like Greece ; and the West reminds me always of Mexico and North Africa. . . . The one unusual thing in Texas seems to be the opinion at home and abroad that there is something quite unusual about us. There are doubtless nuances of experience, varieties of condition, that may appear in our arts, and if the soil of Texas happens to colour finely some literary flavor, it will be a fine thing; and yet . . .” Thus did Young set a defensive tone about regionalism which persists in this anniversary edition. It is no puzile, of course, this defensiveness; the sneering critic who qualifies all he says of a work with the word “regional” or even “provincial” leaves a mark on the artist and on the region. It is perhaps true that we in the Southwest suffer from a cultural inferiority complex in relation to the East just as did New England in relation to England before and as the literary cannon of the New Country began booming away at their , far-off fears. “Regionalism,” when placed between quotation marks, signifies all.the paternal scorn of the defenders of hoary antecedent. What good is it to say that nothing can be local ? That nothing local can be but universal in its form? Regional is provincial, and provincial, regional. ION TINKLE., in his lead essay in the autumn issue, demonstrates how deeply the Western and Mexican brands have beenburned into the Review’s concept, “southwestern.” crhe passage calls for full quote: “There are symbols of taste from the Southwest, specifically geographical at least from North Americans: the taste of chili and tamales, of cabrito and sopapil/as, of pomegranates and son-of-a-gun stews, of hamburgers, barbecue, and pinan nuts. There are symbols that stir the imagination through the sense of smell, precisely as the nose-buds of a Frenchman vibrate to the mere mention of pinard and rose -and a fine. There are symbols of sounds and touch, but chiefly the symbols of the Southwest are eve-recalls, concerned with motion or its lack : the man on horsebaCk as indeed the caballero was once thecoloplion of the Review; the chaparral racing across the road ; rains swirling in ballet formation around the Sangre ,de Cristo Mountains ; topsoil in flight to make new clouds to swirl ‘again as rain over the Arbuckles ; many it -nacres of sight. ,.t.. yril “But chief are these four, despite our Industrialization and despite 14te testing grounds at White Sands and Los Alamos: sun, space, skyand silence.. They shape a major south The Texas Observer Page 7 Nov. 30, 1955 ; western mood. We like to linger. We like to look.” T HE REVIEW is proud of its role as “the conscience of the region.” Tinkle says that the five men who have produced “the most likelyto-endure books ever composed in Texas,” Walter Webb, J. Frank Dobie, Roy Bedichek, John A. Lomax, and Tom Lea, all have been identified with the Reviewand also Stanley Vestal in Oklahoma, Harvey and Erna Ferguson, Paul Horgan, Frank Waters, Oliver La Farge, and D. H. Lawrence and Mabel Dodge Luhan in New Mexico. Tinkle says the Review, “actually, factually,” has never been really a regional magazine. His point is that it has “never filtered out the rest of the world from its shutters trained on vital culture.” Yet he defends “regionalism.” Is it not possible that this was the same label Athens used of Rome, Rome of Florence, Florence of Paris, Paris of London, London of New York … ? “Does not the history of culture record it as the ever-enlarging federation of international regionalism ?” Dobie \(whose liberalism is lusty and Western, just as a cowhand With his herd by a fire at night was free, and Editor John McGinnis conceived of the Review. LEGAL ADVERTISEMENTS THE STATE OF TEXAS COUNTY OF TRAVIS TO: Those indebted to or holding claims against the Estate of C. W. Whorton, deceased: The undersigned having been duly appointed administrator of the Estate of C. W. Whorton, deceased, late of Travis County, Texas, by Torn E. Johnson, Judgeof the County Court of Travis County. Texas, on the 25th day of October, 1955, hereby notifies all persons indebted to said estate to come forward and make settlement, and those having claims against said estate to present them to him within the time prescribed by law at his residence, 1002 Regan Terrace, City of Austin, Texas, where he receives his mail, this the 25 day of October, A.D. 1956. OLIS D. WHORTON Administrator of the Estate of C. W. Whorton, Deceased. NOTICE OF INTENTION TO INCORPORATE A FIRM WITHOUT SUBSTANTIAL CHANGE OF FIRM NAME TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN : Notice is hereby given that L. M. White and J. R. Collins, doing business under the firm name of Whico Mapping Company, intend to incorporate such firm immediately under the firm name of Whico Mapping Corporation. Signed this 18th day of October, A.D. 1955. WHICO MAPPING COMPANY By L. M. WHITE, Partner J. R. COLLINS. JR., Partner THE STATE OF TEXAS To any Sheriff or any Constable within the State of TexasGREETING: You are hereby commanded to cause to ‘be published, ONCE, not less than ten days before the return day thereof, in a newspaper printed in Travis County, Texas, the accompanying citation, of which the herein below following is a true copy\(but if there be no newspaper so printed in said county, then that you cause the said citation to be posted for at least TEN days before the return term thereof as required by CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO ALL PERSONS INTERESTED IN THE ESTATE of Augustine de Zavala, Deceased. No. 15,160, County Court Travis County, Texas. Francis Edward O’Neill, Administrator with will annexed thereof, filed in the County Court of Travis County, Texas, on the 21st day of November, A.D. 1955, his Final Account of the condition of the Estate of said Augustine be Zavala, Deceased, together with an Application to be discharged from said Estate. Said Final Account and Application will be heard and acted on by said Court on the first Monday next after the expiration of ten days from . date of Posting or Publishing this citation, the same being the 12th day of December, 1955, at the Courthouse thereof in Austin, Texas, at which time and place all persons interested in the Account, for Final Settlement of said Estate are required to appear by filing a written answer and contest said account and application should they choose to do so. The officer executing this writ shall promptly serve the same according to requirements of law, and the mandates hereof; and make due return as the law directs. GIVEN UNDER MY ,HAND AND THE SEAL OF SAID COURT at office in Austin, Texas, this the 25th day of November, A.P. 1955. EMILIE LIMBERG Clerk of the County Court, fl f, F11 Travis County. Texas M.EPHRAIM, Deputy THE STATE OF TEXAS To any Sheriff or any Constable within the State of TexasGREETING: You are hereby commanded to cause to be published, ONCE, not less than ten days beforei the return day thereof, in a newspaper printed in Travis County, Texas, the accompanying citation, of which the herein below following is a true copy\(but if there be no newspaper so printed in said county, then that you cause the said citation to be posted for at least TEN days before the return term thereof as required by “We dreamed of a press in Texas that would be independent of New York and would nurture writers and culture belonging to the Southwest. I guess we were ‘taking our stand’ for the Republic of Texas “Something brisk was stirring in the air over the Southwest … “On fire with eagerness to see the development of a culture from native materials and to have natives recognize significance in the natural things all around us, to hold the mesquite on the Nueces as dear as Wordsworth held the ‘four fraternal’ yew-trees of Borrowdale, I came to regard the Southwest Review as the voice of salvation.” McGinnis ran an article by Tinkle, “France’s Undeclared Civil War,” in 1940, and Dobie the Southwesterner fired off a protest. McGinnis . wrote back: ‘”I simply couldn’t face… the criticismthe potential .criticismthat that might be made.now or years later : ‘The poor, sand blind Regionalists didn’t realize what WaS -happening to them,’ Cir, `The’nation’s fate was at stake, and they were talking about little regional .boOks and ‘print’s.’ ” . . Merits aside, was this ‘not :a singular lar confesSidn .of insecurity about “the ever-enlarging . federation of international regionalism”? Dobie stuck by his guns, but, he adds: “Just the same,’ about: this time I began to become’ a contemporary of CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO Robert James Sullivan Defendant, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: to appear before the 126th District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be’ held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 o’clock A. M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof ; that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A. M. of Monday the 19th day of December, 196;, and answer the petitioh of plaintiff in Cause Number 101,542, in which Evelyn Sullivan is Plaintiff and Robert James Sullivan is defendant, filed in said Court oh the’ 3H day of November, 1955, awe * the nature of which said suit is as follows : Being an action and prayer for judgment in favor of Plaintiff and against Defendant for decree of divorce dissolving the bonds of matrimony heretofore , and now existing between said parties ; Plaintiff alleges cruel treatment on the part of defendant toward plaintiff of such a nature as to render their further living together as husband and wife altogether insupportable; Plaintiff further alleges that one child, a daughter age 4, named Barbara Kaye Sullivan, was born of said union and plaintiff prays for custody of said child. No Community was accumulated. plaintiff alleges. Plaintiff further prays for cost of suit and relief, general and special: All of which more fully appears froin plaintiff’s original petition on file in this office, and to which reference is here made. If this citation is not served within 90 days after date of its issuance, it shall be returned enwaved. WITNESS, 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts of Travis County, Texas. Issued and given under my hand and the seal of said Court at office in the City of Austin, this the 3rd day of November, 1955. 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts, Travis County, Texas. By ELI GREER, Deputy. CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO Ascension C. Perales Defendant, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: to appear before the 126th Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at oi. before 10. o’clock A. M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof ; that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A. M. of Monday, the 19th day of December, 1955, and answer the petition of plaintiff in Cause number 102-754, in which Mary Jane R. Perales is Plaintiff and Ascension. C. Perales is defendant, filed in said Court on’ the 3rd day of November, 1955, and the nature of which said suit is as follows : Being an action and prayer for judgment in favor of plaintiff and against Defendant for decree of divorce dissolving the bonds of matrimony heretofore and now existing between said parties ; Plaintiff alleges cruel treatment on the part of defendant toward plaintiff of such a nature as to render their further living together as husband and wife altogether insupportable. Plaintiff further alleged that no children were born of said union and no community property was accumulated. Plaintiff further prays for costs of suit and relief, general and special ; All of. which more fully appears from plaintiff’s original petition on file in this office. and to which reference is here made. If this citation is not served within 90 days after date of its issuance, it shall be returned unserved. WITNESS, 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts of Travis County, Texas. Issued and given under my hand and the seal of said Court at office in the City of Austin, this the 3rd day of November, 1955. 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts, Travis County. Texas By ELI GREER, Deputy THE STATE OF TEXAS COUNTY OF TRAVIS TO: Those indebted to or holding claims against the Estate of Guy Ellsworth Fuller, Sr., Deceased: The undersigned, having been duly appointed Administrator with will annexed of the estate of Guy Ellsworth Fuller, Sr., Deceased, late of Travis County Texas, by Torn E. Johnson, Judge of the County Court of Travis County, Texas. on the 8th day of November, 1955, hereby notifies my own times. Before that, the pageant of the past and the flavor of the present derived from the past were all-sufficient for me.” HENRY NASH SMITH, a guardian of the Review in the thirties, also writes in this issue of some of the Review’s best essaysessays by Mary Austin, Witter Bynner, Willard Johnson; D. H. Lawrence, McGinnis, Stanley Vestal, Dobie, Jerry Bywaters, and othersand about the Review’s historic venture into the question of regional architecture, with Dave Williams, O’Neil Ford, and Arch Swank in the focus. Smith .says that they
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