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THE DEMOCRATS’ BIG THREE Rayburn, Johnson, and Stevenson Hold Forth in the Front Yard -POWWOW ON THE PEDERNALES Rayburn, Johnson, Stevenson Chat As Reporters Gather ‘Round; Adlai’s Visit Almost Rigidly Non-Political; Takes a Shot at Shivers as He Leaves dlai, Stevenson from the moment he stepped off a commercial airliner at -Austin’s-Municipal Airport. They followed him to a downtown hotel suite, to an afternoon reception at Jim Hart’s house, to Gregory Gymnasium at the University of Texas, thenCe 60 miles westward to the “L.B!J. Ranch” near Stonewall, –And now it was the-‘next morning, and they were still around, mounting in -numbers, all waiting for the man many thought might be the next president to, say something political. But now, of course ; he was flanked by two old pros’, Majority Leader Johnson and HouseSpeaker Sam. Rayburn, and soon’ it was, obvious that it was neither the time nor the. place for Stevenson to answer some of the unkind cracks of Governor Allan Shivers. Stevensonmade it official 90 minutes later after a tour of JohnSon’s ranch, His answer to the first question,: “I didn’t come to Senator Johnson’s house to discuss Texas -politics or politicians.” Soineone asked him. if he thought Texas would -return to the Deniocratic Party next yea .r. “It’s my opinion” Stevenson started to say. Johnson broke in : . “I think Sam and I can answer that question. Texas will be in the Democratic -.column by a substantial margin.” “I agree,” said’ Rayburn.. “And who am I,” said Stevenson, “to contradict the oracles?” He smiled and there was laughter. , Someone asked himif he would like to come, back AO Texas and talk again. “I’d like to come back to Texas and either talk or listenwhatever they’ll permit me to do,” he said. There -was more laughter. Stevenson’s comments remained rigidly non-political, while Johnson and Rayburn held forth on the Democratic Congress. ”We’re going to try to hammer out a program that any Democratic candidate can win with,” said Johnson. Later he added -that he supported Sltvenson “enthusiastically” in 1952 and will do the same if he is again the nominee: .Rayburn said, “‘The Democratic Party at its worst is better than the Republican Party at its best.. . 1They called’ us socialists, but they sure didn’t change any of /our piiogramS after . they: got in: -.Perhapi we’re ‘ all in that socialist camp together.” _The .newsmen persisted with. Stevenson. In the -afternoon at the Austin’. airport, they were again asking him ‘questions before his departure. T “What is your opinionof the depletion allowance ” an . Observer re.porter asked. ‘ “What’s that ?” Stevenson said, “The:oil.depletion allowance.” “I have rio_ comment on that:” “What is your opinion of the Harris . natural gas bill ?” the reporter asked. “I. have no cclIninent on that either !”. said Stevenson.. \(The oil depletion allowance is the 27.5 percent of gross ‘income oil operators are allowed tax-free. The Har ris’bill would exempt natural gas pro With that, Stevenson boarded a plane for ‘Chicago. Finally, during a brief layover in Dallas, he fired’. his only shot at Shivers. “Texas would be better off today,” he said, “if the Governor had spent more time on veterans’ lands and less -on tidelands.” He had more to say on tidelands\(see related stor t T TIE PRESSURE “shad been tremendousboth, far and -against talking politics, His appear. aye at the University of Texas had been billed at “strictly non-political” his visit with Johnson and Rayburn ES 460A. olte . x ‘t A\\.A.C… \( c c\\, , The one gre,at r 4 ‘..,2′ f”” ,`”/ .r 6 . o of compositio’ ., i. 6:427′ speak th,e t. . Trx..tth Obstrurr An Independent Liberal Weekly Newspaper We wil4 serve to group i7r party but will hew hard to the truth as we find’ it and the right as. we see it. Vol. 47 OCT. 5, 1955, AUSTIN, TEXAS 10c per copy No. 24 ON MORROW’S SUCCESSOR Shivers, Daniel, Sandlin, Among 14 Nominees For National Committee AUSTIN A possibility has developed that the State Democratic . Executive Cominittee ThurSday may select a new Texas national committeeman who everybody knows didn’t support the 1952 Democratic nominees. Governor Allan Shivers, Senator Price Daniel; and executive committee chairman George Sandlinall of whom bolted the party for Dwight Eisenhower. in 1952L–are among the 14persons who have been nominated to the subcommittee considering who ‘should succeed ousted Wright Morrow, the-Observer has learned. Edw-ard Badouh of New-Braunfels, chairman of the key . subcommittee, told the Observer in a telephone conversation front New Braunfels that as far as he is concerned, any agree: ments between national, Democratic leaders about the new committeeman’s acceptability to “Butler ‘ and all the f, a i bc. on t.! -e i it ional leveY’ are not binding on the state comtnittee. It is widely known that Bdtler and Shivers agreed at the famous “kitchen conference” in Was4ingtOn that any new Texas committeeman would have to have the approval of Speaker Sam Rayburn, Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson, and, _national Democratic Chairman Paul Butler. The Observer. has received reliable reports that as of a few weeks ago no one from . the ShiversLcontrolled executive committee had consulted Rayburn and that the Speaker is now of a mind to -resist any :replacement for Morrow until the state: Democratic convention elects one in–May of next year. .. DALLAS. Texas would have, mademore money for its pUblic schools agree a’ compromise’for’. joint federal-state development of underseas oil out to the edge of the continental .shelf than it did. by keeping title to: the so-called “tidelands,” ‘A :dla.i Stevenson said at Dallas.on his way out of the state -last weak. . 7 Stevenson saidthat hisstatement after a conference with . Governor Allan Shivers in 1952 in favor of “legislation.providing An, equitable ardisposition of their proceeds” Made ,this. point. “It look’ s like geology has.a way Of disregarding. politics and politicians,” Stevenson saidreferring to a recent theory that the oil in the continentalshelf beyond the Texas claim isMore valuable than that to whichTexas now has title. Next day, Senator Price Daniel, arriving in the state for his narcotic’s hearings, challenged Stevenson on-the moneyangle \(saying, he Would . haVe his office prepare figures to show . that the matter of principle about Texas’s historic boundaries could not be ‘ resolved in terms of dollars. The onto y _compromise presented to. Congress called for . a, 50-50 incon -le split between the ‘states. and the -Federal Government,’ with the Federal.. Government holding title and controlling leasing, Daniel Said.’ Congress could have repealed the ‘income arrangement at any time,. he. said. .. “He ignores-. the solemn. contract that Texas had where it entered the Union” that it would ..retain its undersea lands three leagues from shore into the Gulf of Mexico,” Daniel. said of Stevenson; : . ‘These volleys may well ‘open, a ‘neVcr tidelands argument of crucial: . importance’ to the 1956. eteCtions in Texas. .Stevenson .oppcised stateownership of tidelands in 1952: Daniel sponsored . the bill for state ownership that is -now law. Shivers leaned heavily on the tidelands -issue 1952,irl .and 1954, .campaigning, \(A report on Adlai Stevensoit’s Texas speech on Page AUSTIN Along toward 8 :30. one morning last week a squat, balding little man peered out of a Side .clOor of -LyndonJohnson’s ranch -home-on the Pedernales River and blinked his eyes in the Texas sun. At the -front*of the place two dozen reporters, photographers, and. :representatives of hatiOnal news magazines and radioi . television netwbrks spraWled across ‘the big green yard. The . ress-radio men had pursued ADLAI ON TIDELANDS