EJIDAL EDUCATION TRANSCENDS HARDSHIPS I had a great deal to learn in my stay in the ejido of Acatitlan, and none of the residents lost any time in explaining how thilags were. The same was’ true with the children of the school. The degree of learning had nothing to do with the size or age of the child. A piping child of ten was hard at work on square roots and wanted to know how to do cube rootshe had been attending regularly. A hulking 16-year-old was still pouring over the mysteries of the consonants. The children of Acatitlan were like many children over the world, except that they seemed on the whole brighter and had a far greater mastery of themserves than did their counterparts in North American schools. Why? Partly because all Mexican schools are built around an accelerated six-year system at the primary level, in which the curriculum even for rural schools takes the children through. skills ordinarily learned in the U.S. in junior high school. We wasted no time in learning ninety-sevenkinds-of-fun-with-peanut-shells, or with so-called “creative” play, buying and selling imaginary and superfluous .luxury items. Perhaps there wasn’t enough. play in the ejidal school. But there was no waste and there was no foolishness. The children learned to read and write, do accurate mathematics, learned the skills of farming, and learned about the world and culture to which they belonged. I have never met children with a greater sense of their own and others’ dignity than these Mexican schoolchildren. A second reason for their mastery of themselves was the odds under which Bedichek and Dobie of FitZgeald’s R u b a i y a t, I believe. Thousands and thousand’s of lines of poetry and phrases from the world’s great literature are in his memory. The day the ceniza blossoms fell he was telling me of how the horizons of his lifeat the. age of 77are now being extended by reading in physics and astronomy. Einstein and the law of light brought him to the opening stanza of the Rubaiyat. He quoted the original version of the 1858 edition, and then in contrast the revised version of the fourth edition. There is not space here for the rounded man of laughter; of gusto for foodhe likes to cookand for sunshine and wind on his naked skin; of moral indignation against injustice and intolerance; of careless delight in all sorts of characters from his hobo dog and a derelict who lived with a pet bullsnake in a tent in a deserted Chinese graveyard at Deming, New Mexico, to Sir Isaac Newton; of hearty naturalness about everything up from the center of sex clear to the stars and everything down from it to “earthworms under cow manure. Bedichek has been lots of things newspaper man,’ especiallyand nothing is foreign to him. He is a whole man, romantic and naturalistic, intellectual and as physical as Whitman, spiritual and earthy. He is one of the most eager lookers upon life imaginable. Nobody ever had a more genial companion than he has been to me for many years, never once wearing thin. If he did not interest me so much, I could not love him so well. J. FRANK DOBIE NOTICE OF INTENTION TO INCORPORATE A FIRM WITHOUT CHANGE OF NAME To Whom it May Concern : Notice is hereby given that Rex F. Montgomery, George It. Montgomery, Howard R. eager, and W. M. Covin, partners, doing business under the firm name of A. C. Montgomery, General Contractors, a Partnership, intends to incorporate such firm without a change of the firm name. Signed this the 25th day of July, 1965. A. C. MONTGOMERY, General Contractors, A Partnership REX, F. MONTGOMERY GEORGE R. MONTGOMERY HOWARD R. HAGER W. M. COVIN CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO: ADLE DEVENPORT, if living, and the unknown heirs and legal representatives of ADLE DEVENPORT, if dead, as well as the representative spouses or guardians, if any, of ADLE DEVENPORT, or if dead, those her unknown heirs, all of whose addresses are unknown to plaintiff ; AND All persons claiming any title or interest in land by virtue of a general warranty deed executed May 26, 1911, naming J. T. Priest, as Grantor, and Adle Devenport, as Grantee, and filed of record in Volume 235, page 604, Deed Records, Travis County, Texas: You and each of you are hereby commanded to appear before the District Court, 126th Judicial District, Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 A. M., of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof : that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A.M. of These Mexican children of the “Valley of the Ejido” were irrepressible and never more than momen they worked. We gave out thin pads of paper each semester, and this was all. they got, unless the child lost or destroyed his notebook \(which was considgot bag-paper to write on. Bits of charcoal were used for pencils near the end of the term, ‘Then the government pen \(Another special report to the Observer from Norway by State RepreOSLO, NORWAY The Observer boys told me before I left that I could write about what I pleased, so I want to talk about European youth, old folks, and flowers. I like the way parents treat their children in these European lands. In the first place, the tempo of life is slow enough for parents to have time to show their children bountiful affection and to give them plentiful companionship. They like big families, and they try to teach their children not to demand too much from life in the -way of money or success or prestige. They are almost fierce in their opinion that too much money is bad for a person, particularly a young person. “You wouldn’t have all your trouble . with juvenile delinquency in America if your children did not have so much money,” a Dutchman told me. “My daughter is a skilled dressmaker and could have gone to work for a big firm at a big salary, but I would not allow it. She is only 21, so I persuaded her to open her own little shop where she would not make so much money. Later, when she is mature, money will be all right, but not now.” The way most Europeans handle the Monday the 3rd day of October, 1955, and answer. in writing the petition of Walter Johnson, Plaintiff in cause numbered 102,144, styled Walter Johnson v. Adle Devenport, et al, in which Walter Johnson is plaintiff and Adle Devenport s , if living, and the unknown heirs and legal representatives of Adle Devenport, if dead, as well as the respective spouses or guardians, if any of Adle Devenport, or if dead, those of her unknown heirs, all of whose addresses are unknown to Plaintiff ; and all persons claiming any title or interest in land by virtue of a general warranty deed executed May 26, 1911, naming J. T. Priest, as Grantor, and Adle Devenport, as Grantee, and filed of record in Volume 235, page 603, Deed Records, Travis County, Texas ; which said petition was filed in said court on the 15th day of August, 1955, and the nature of which said suit is as follows: Plaintiff brings suit in Trespass to Try the in the D. W. Bouldin’s Addition in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, according to map or plat thereof, filed of record in Book 1, page ‘is, plat records of Travis County, Texas, being the same property heretofore conveyed to Adle Devenport, by J. T. Priest, by general warrant deed dated May 26, 1911, and filed of record in Vol. 245, p. 603, deed records, Travis County, Texas ; plaintiff pleads the formal allegations in Trespass to Try Title, and in addition title specially through the three, five, ten, and twentyfive year limitatiOns statutes; plaintiff prays judgment of the Court for title and possession of the above described lot. If this citation is not served within 90 days after date of its issuance, it shall be returned unserved. Witness 0. T. Martin, Jr., Clerk of the District Court of Travis County, Texas. Issued and given under my hand and the seal of said Court at offices in the City of Austin, This the 15th day of August, 1955. 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk…of the 126th District Court, Travis County, Texas tarily awed by the camera. That’s li’l brother in the bag sister is toting. cils began to wear out. Under these conditions, the children worked hard and accurately, with a surprising maturity. Third, Spanish is an easier and more orderly language to teach than English. Anyone who has tried will agree. Also, the Mexican system of teaching mathematics is superior to our own.. problem of sex with their offspring would probably shock many Americans. From the earliest days the children are taught everything about sex as a normal .part of life. There is almost unbelievable frankness of discussion between parents and children about the sexual problems Of the youths, and the resultfew neurotics. Most Americans would not think of allowing their 14-year old son or daughter to take off on a holiday to some foreign country alone, hitchhiking or riding a bicycle, for weeks at a time, but the Europeans do. “It’s good for the young people. It teaches them to take care of themselves. And if you have trained them properly, they will not get into trouble. If they are not trained properly, they would probably get into trouble right at home,” one father told me. Old people have a place of respect and admiration in the European society which sometimes is lacking in America. There is an almost universal admiration for age, even among the young. A young friend and I saw a stooped old man, poorly dressed, hobbling down a Copenhagen street. “Look at that old one,” my friend said warmly. “I’ll bet he knows a lot.” When the streetcars stop to pick up an old person, half a dozen men jump off and happily help them on with the greatest gentleness. This veneration for age is something you feel in the air, a veneration even for those old ones not kin. It is a fine thing to see. CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO Joe B. Palmer, Defendant, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: to appear before the 126th District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 o’clock A. M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof ; that is to say, at or before, 10 o’clock A.M. of Monday the 3rd day of October, 1955, and answer the petition of plaintiff in Cause Number 102,172, in which Margaret Palmer is Plaintiff and Joe 13. Palmer is defendant, filed in said Court on the 15th day of August, 1955, and the nature of which said suit is as follows: Being an action and prayer for judgment in favor of plaintiff and against defendant for decree of divorce dissolving the bonds of matrimony heretofore and now existing between said parties ; Plaintiff alleges cruel treatment on the part of defendant toward plaintiff of such a nature as to render their further living together as husband and wife altogether insupportable. Plaintiff alleges that one child, to-wit: Joe Ann, a girl, born on the 20th day of November, 1953 and plaintiff prays for custody of said child and for child support. Plaintiff further prays for costs of suit and relief, general and special ; All of which more fully appears from Plaintiff’s original petition on file in this office, and to which reference is here made; If this citation is not served within 90 clays after date of its issuance, it shall be returned unserved. WITNESS, 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts of Travis County, Texas. Issued and given under my hand and the seal of said Court at office in the City of Austin, this the 18th day of August, 1955. 0. T. MARTIN, JR. Clerk of the District Courts, Travis County, Texas By Finally, the ejido was built on the idea of cooperation for survival. While it \\yaw not the only standard the community held, it was a very strong one. The federal primers and reading books, those that we had, recognized this value. We taught songs about cooperation. Through the folk-story and oral literature, poems, miracle plays, and other devices…, along with the sane and high quality of the reading material, the better part of their past traditions was preserved. They are also insulated fror__ comic books and all the horror of the sexual and social fantasies of our “advanced,” adult, Western society. Mexico has passed a stringent censorship law which affects Americantype comic books for sale all over the country. It is strictly enforced in all urban areas. Educating childrengiving them not only skills to get by with, but also the feeling of really being a part of their culture, religion, and social system, and getting them to feel the need to contribute to itthis kind of education is difficult only because it demands of the teacher that he be what he teaches. And the parents? “If a teacher is good,” Don Francisco speculated, “he has no use for the suggestions of the padres de faAnd if he is no good, then the padres de familia have no , use for him. So we compromise, and we all try to educate each other.” He grinned. “This frequently turns teachers into goatherds and drunkards.” BRUCE CUTLER \(To Next to their children and their old folks, I think Europeans love flowers best. The parks and fields this summer are a riot of beauty from one end of Europe to the other, but what has Continually impressed me has been the presence of flowers in every home. Few are the windows that are not brightened with potted flowersnot just the living room windows, but every window visible from the street or side 1NT alk. “We have many gray days, you know,” a little Norwegian woman said, “and the flowersah, they do brighten one’s spirit so much. I couldn’t live without them.” I went to the very northern tip of EuropeNorway’s North Cape. There the climate is savage, the land rocky and barren, life is almost cruel. Yet in the tiny village of Honnigsvaag, whose land will grow absolutely nothing, every tiny fishing home had beautiful flowers in the windows. Almost every town has its flowermarket where milling throngs buy cut flowers at cheap prices to take to their wives, their mothers, their friends. The flower is the emblem of a friendly heart. We have much that we might teach these Europeans, but I always remember that they have been at this business of life many more centuries than Ameri cans, and there is still much that we can learn from them, for example, about young folks and old people and flowers. D. B. HARDEMAN CITATION BY PUBLICATION THE STATE OF TEXAS TO Alfred Leonard Stanley, –Defendant, in the hereinafter styled and numbered cause: You are hereby commanded to appear before the 126th District Court of Travis County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse of said county in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, at or before 10 o’clock A.M. of the first Monday after the expiration of 42 days from the date of issuance hereof ; that is to say, at or before 10 o’clock A.M. of Monday the 12th day of September, 1955, and answer the petition of plaintiff in Cause Number 101,836, in which Dorothy Stanley is Plaintiff and Alfred. Leonard Stanley is defendant, filed in said Court on the 7th day of July. 1955, and the nature of which said suit is as follows: Being an action and prayer for judgment in favor of plaintiff and against defendant for decree of divorce dissolving the bonds of matrimony heretofore and now existing between saidparties plaintiff alleges abandonment by defendant of plaintiff for a period of more than three years, with the intention on the part of defendant of making such abandonment permanent; plaintiff further alleges that three children were born of said union ; that said children are now living with plaintiff, who should be awarded their care and custody ; Plaintiff further alleges that no community property has been accumulated ; plaintiff further prays for costs of suit and relief, general and special; All of which more fully appears from Plaintiff’s Original Petition on file in this office and to which reference is here made: IC this citation is not served within 90 days after date of its issuance, it shall be returned unserved. WITNESS, 0. T. MARTIN, JR., Clerk of the District Courts of Travis County, Texas. Issued and given under my hand and the seal of said Court at office in the City of Austin, this the 29th day of July, 1955. 0. T. MARTIN, JR. Clerk of the District Courts, Travis County, Tex. By GEO. W. BICKLER, Deputy Young Folks, Old People, Flowers :!
You May Also Like
The documentary in Falfurrias is sinister and spiritual.