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Bill Restricting Texas Unions Adopted AUSTIN Texas law will soon prevent workers in intrastate commerce from joining labor unions unless they represent a majority of all the workers at their establishment, go on strike, and then win a union election at which they will not be permitted to vote if they have been fired “for cause.” These provisions. as set out in Senator Parkhouse’s S.B. 45, passed the House last week, 101-29. AUSTIN Texas legislators were feeling the tugs of many emotions as the 54th regular session moved into overtime last week. Governor Allan Shivers was in the saddle and pushing hard for his proposals for the first time, and a slim majority of lawmakers appeared to be responding. Another get-things-done tug came at midweek when the legislators’ pay dropped from $25 to nothing a day. It still seems that at least two more weeks will be needed before final adjournment. The two major orders of State business-spending and taxation-may run into renewed opposition before then. Governor Shivers wants a twocent per gallon gasoline tax increase, but the House has voted for only one cent. The Governor may talk the Senate into the additional levy-needed, he says, for improvements in the State highway system -but it’s believed the House won’t go along with it. There may be a compromise at one and a quarter cent. _ The Senate State Affairs Committee looked over the Housepassed tax bill last week, and a subcommittee is rewriting it with 25 new proposed taxes to choose from. The bill now is about $10 million a year shy of what’s needed to pay the State’s bills. A conference LEGAL ADVBRTISEMENTS and the proceeds of said sale to be applied to the satisfaction thereof, and the remainder, if any, to be applied as the law directs. Dated at Austin, Texas, this the 28th day of April, 1955. T. 0. LANG, Sheriff, Travis County, Texas NOTICE OF SALE THE STATE OF TEXAS COUNTY OF TRAVIS BY VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF SALE dated and issued pursuant to a judgment decree of the 53rd Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas, by the Clerk of said Court on said date in a certain suit, No. 99,401, styled City of Austin vs. C. A. Gray, et ux and to me directed and delivered as Sheriff of said County, I have on April 29, ,1955, at 8:50 o’clock A. M., seized, levied upon, and will, on the First Tuesday in June, 1955, the same being the 7th day of said month, at the Courthouse door of said County, in the City of Austin between the hours of 10 o’clock A. M. and 4 o’clock P. M. on said day, proceed to sell for cash to the highest bidder all the right, title and interest of the defendants in such suit \(n and to the following described real estate levied upon as the property of said defendants, the same lying and being situated in the Coua,ty of Travis and the State of Texas, to-vrit : All that certain lot, tract, or pt reel of land lying and being situateli in the County of Travis, State of TeTas described as follows : Lot of Austin, Travis County, Texas according to the map or plat of said addition recorded in Volume 1, page 112 of the Plat Records of Travis County, Texas ; and being the same property conveyed by Roger M. Pow ell to C. A. Gray and wife, Martha M. Gray by deed dated September 17, 1928 and recorded in Volume 419, page 432, Deed Records of Travis County, Texas. or upon the written request of said defendants or their attorney, a sufficient portion thereof to satisfy said judgment, interest, penalties and costs ; subject, however, to the right of redemption, of the defendants or any person having an interest therein, to redeem the said property, or their interest therein, at any time within two years from the date of sale in in the manner provided by law, and subject to any other and further rights to which the defendants or anyone interested therein may be entitled, under the provisions of law. Said sale to be made by me to satisfy the judgment rendered in the above styled and numbered cause, together with interest, penalties and costs of suit, and the proceeds of said sale to be applied to the satisfaction thereof, and the remainder, if any, to be applied as the law directs. Dated at Austin, Texas, this the 29th day of April, 1955. T. 0. LANG, Sheriff, Travis County, Texas Amendments failed which would have established the Taft-Hartley union election procedure, included the right to bargain collectively with representatives of one’s choosing along with “the right to work,” and permitted craft artisans to strike if they represented a majority of their fellow craftsmen at an establishment, rather than a majority of the entire establishment. The Taft-Hartley election mechanism was favorfed by the liberals and opposed by the conservatives. It failed, 67-66. As passed, the bill prohibits strikes or picketing to “urge, compel, force, or coerce” recognition of committee of the House and Senate will look at it this week. Opposition is also shaping up against t h e appropriations bill overhauled last week by the Senate.. More than 60 House members have signed an agreement to fight the Senate version as it now stands. Their reasons are various. Some oppose it because of cuts in appropriations for state hospitals. Rep. Bill Heatly of Paducah, who is behind the move, is mad because the appropriation for the State Commission on Alcoholism was junked, contrary, he believes, to an agreement. There was also criticism of a provision which would provide funds for a state-sponsored forestry school in East Texas. Shivers moved to round up support for his gasoline tax increase during the week by calling a secret meeting with major lobbyists representing oil companies and truckers. The group, about nine of the most powerful lobbyists in Texas, met with Shivers in the Governor’s Mansion one afternoon last week. Usually these conferences produce results when Shivers lays it on the line as to what he needs in the way of taxes, but this time the big industry men were reportedly reluctant to go along with him. The Legislature, in other major business during the week, completed its insurance regulation and control program and drew a burst of praise from Lieutenant Governor Ben Ramsey. The last of the key in NOTICE OF SALE THE STATE OF TEXAS COUNTY OF TRAVIS BY VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF SALE dated and issued pursuant to a judgment decree of the 53rd Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas, by the Clerk of said Court on said date in a certain suit, No. 99,409, styled City of Austin vs. Paul C.La France, et ux and to me directed and delivered as Sheriff of said County, I have on April 29, 1955, at 8:50 o’clock A. M., seized, levied upon, and will, on the First Tuesday in June, 1955, the same being the 7th day of said month, at the Courthouse door of said County, in the City of Austin between the hours of 10 o’clock A. M. and 4 o’clock P. M. on said day, proceed to sell for cash to the highest bidder all the right, title and interest of the defendants in such suit in and to the following described real estate levied upon as the property of said defendants, the same lying and being situated in the County of Travis and the State of Texas, to-wit : All that certain lot, tract, or parcel of land lying and being situated in the County of Travis, State of Texas described as follows : Lot number of the Glenwood Addition in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas according to the map or plat of said addition as recorded in Volume 2, page 154 of the Plat Records of Travis County, Texas ; and being the same property conveyed by Melvin D.Reynolds and wife, Bessie Reynolds to Paul C. LaFrance by deed dated July 30, 1914 and recorded in Volume 277, page 18, Deed Records of Travis County, Texas. or upon the written request of said defendants or their attorney, a sufficient portion thereof to satisfy said judgment, interest, penalties and costs ; subject, however, to the right of redemption, of the defendants or any person having an interest therein, to redeem the said property, or their interest therein, at any time within two years from the date of sale in in the manner provided by law, and subject to any other and further rights to which the defendants or anyone interested therein may be entitled, under the provisions of law. Said sale to be made by me to satisfy the judgment rendered in the above styled and numbered cause, together with interest, penalties and costs of suit, and the proceeds of said sale to be applied to the satisfaction thereof, and the remainder, if any, to be applied as the law directs. Dated at Austin, Texas, this the 29th day of April, 1955. T. 0. LANG, Sheriff, Travis County, Texas 55-3 NOTICE OF SALE THE STATE OF TEXAS COUNTY OF TRAVIS BY VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF SALE dated and issued pursuant to a judgment decree of the 53rd Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas, by the Clerk of a union-or bargaining with a union, a point few legislators seemed to notice-if the workers involved do not represent a majority of the employees at the establishment. After a suit is instituted, the trial judge can order an election by a disinterested master. All employees at the start of the strike or picketing can vote except employees who quit or were “discharged for cause”; employees whose jobs have been discontinued due to “a bona fide reduction in force”; and “supervisory employees.” The bill explicitly permits voting in the election by “permanent replacements for employees on strike surance bills, H. B. 39 regulating for the first time the sale of insurance stock, needs only House approval of a House-Senate conference committee report before going to the Governor’s desk. The “Shoemake exemption” is expected to be dropped by the committee. “Under the provisions of this bill, the State has plugged a gap. through which promoters in the last four years alone have sold an estimated $100 million in worthless insurance stocks to an unsuspecting public,” Ramsey said. The House earlier in the week sent to the Governor a Senatepassed bill to prohibit insurance companies from dipping into their capital to pay claims. The House also gave final approval and sent to the Senate Rep. James E. Cox’s so-called “Unfair Sales” bill, aimed at keeping alive competition among grocery stores while still preventing the big chains from running the smaller firms out of business. It would require that grocers, either wholesale or retail, who advertise goods at or below their cost must agree to sell them in unlimited quantities. The bill in its original form would have barred stores from selling at less than a six per cent markup over wholesale cost. Three bills tightening narcotics laws were near final legislative passage. All are backed by the Department of Public Safety’s narcotics division. said Court on said date in a certain suit. No. 99,186, styled City of Austin vs. Mrs. Mary Fowler Wallace, et al and to me directed and delivered as Sheriff of said County, I have on April 29, 1956, at 8:50 o’clock A. M., seized, levied upon, and will, on the First Tuesday in June, 1955, the same being the 7th day of said month, at the Courthouse door of said County, in the City of Austin between the hours of 10 o’clock A. M. and 4 o’clock P. M. on said day, proceed to sell for cash to the highest bidder all the right, title and interest of the defendants in such suit in and to the following described real estate levied upon as the property of said defendants, the same lying and being situated in the County of Travis and the State of Texas, to-wit : All that certain lot, or parcel of land situate, lying and being in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas, described. as follows : Lot number E.Bouldin Addition, in Austin, Texas according to the map or plat of said subdivision as recorded in Plat Book 1, page 71 of the Plat Records of Travis County, Texas ; and being the same property conveyed by P. E. Mason and Mrs. Pearl Mason to Mrs. Mary Fowler Wallace by deed dated May 30, 1910 and recorded in Volume 240, page 343, Deed Records of Travis County, Texas. or upon the written request of said defendants or their attorney, a sufficient portion thereof to satisfy said judgment, interest, penalties and costs ; subject, however, to the right of redemption, of the defendants or any person having an interest therein, to redeem the said property, or their interest therein, at any time within two years from the date of sale in in the manner provided by law, and subject to any other and further rights to which the defendants or anyone interested therein may be entitled, under the provisions of law. Said sale to be made by me to satisfy the judgment rendered in the above styled and numbered cause, together with interest, penalties and costs of suit, and the proceeds of said sale to be applied to the satisfaction thereof, and the remainder, if any, to be applied as the law directs. Dated at Austin, Texas, this the 29th day of April, 1955. T. 0. LANG, Sheriff, Travis County, Texas 55-3 NOTICE OF SALE THE STATE OF TEXAS COUNTY OF TRAVIS BY VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF SALE dated and issued pursuant to a judgment decree of the 53rd Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas, by the Clerk of said Court on said date in a certain suit, No. 99,210, styled City of Austin vs. 0. S. Marshall, et al and to me directed and delivered as Sheriff of said County, I have on April 29, 1955, at 8:50 o’clock A. M., seized, levied upon, and will, on the First Tuesday in June, and employees hired in a bona fide increase in force.” Rep.. Don Kennard, Fort Worth, who led the floor fight against the bill, asked sponsor Wade Spilman of McAllen what was to prevent an employer from firing pro-union workers on strike before the union election. Spilman’s reply concerned another matter. Governor Shivers called for passage of the law the night before it passed. He said he believes “the people gave me a mandate to try to get adequate laws enacted to prevent such strikes \(as in Port Arture. These laws will not harm in any way the legitimate rights of the working people of Texas.” Ralph Yarborough, Shivers’s 1954 opponent, denied that the 1954 campaign was “a debate over labor laws.” He called for more investigation of official corruption. Rep. Maury Maverick, San Antonio, said the Governor’s comment was “pure demagoguery” and S.B. 45 “punitive class hatred legislation.” On the House floOr, repeated references to Port Arthur provoked Rep. Otis Lee, an oil refinery worker of that city, to an impassioned oration at the close of the House debate. Port Arthurans have been called “a bunch of lawless, godless, irresponsible people,” he said. “When a dying candidate for Governor in the last two weeks saw his case lost, he reached to the bottom of the mud barrel and maligned and prostituted the city from which he came and where his mother still lives,” Lee said. Statements that Port Arthur was “paralyzed” by the strike are “a falsehood,” Lee said. \(Shivers said the night before that the strike “paralyzed the Lee said Shivers did not mention in the campaign that Port Arthur has the “highest standard of living of any Texas city” and, according to FBI records, “the lowest crime record of any city in the U. S. bar none for size.” Passage of this bill, Lee said, was “only another attempt to weaken and sometimes I think to annihilate organized labor” but is “only going to cause organized labor to grow stronger, bigger, more efficient, and better citizens.” Rep. Charles Murphy, Houston, 1955, the same being the 7th day of said month, at the Courthouse door of said County, in the City of Austin between the hours of 10 o’clock A. M. and 4 o’clock P. M. on said day, proceed to sell for cash to the highest bidder all the right, title and interest of the defendants in such suit in and to the following described real estate levied upon as the property of said defendants, the same lying and being situated in the County of Travis and the State of Texas, to-wit : All those certain lots or parcels of land situate, lying and being in the City of Austin, Travis County, Texas described as follows : Lots seven